ERIC Number: ED293218
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Alternative Policy Instruments. CPRE Joint Note Series.
McDonnell, Lorraine M.; Elmore, Richard F.
This publication builds a conceptual framework that categorizes alternative policy instruments for educational reform into actions. It defines four categories of policy instruments and hypothesizes how each will operate in addressing different policy problems in different political and organizational contexts. Subsequent research will assess recent educational reform policies. The conceptual framework includes four generic classes of instruments: (1) mandates, rules governing the action of individuals and agencies, intended to produce compliance; (2) inducements, the transfer of money to individuals or agencies in return for certain actions; (3) capacity-building, the transfer of money for the purpose of investment in material, intellectual, or human resources; and (4) system-changing, the transfer of official authority among individuals and agencies to alter the system by which public goods and services are delivered. The document defines and describes the four classes of policy instruments, identifies the factors that shape the choice of one instrument over another, and outlines a research agenda for testing this analytical framework in the assessment of educational reform policies. Appended are 36 references. (MLF)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Methods, Organizational Theories, Policy Formation, Problem Solving, Program Implementation, Public Policy, Public Schools, State School District Relationship
Publications Dept., RAND Corporation, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Center for Education Research, Madison.; Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. Eagleton Inst. of Politics.; Center for Policy Research in Education.; Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.