ERIC Number: EJ746125
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Child, Parent and Family Factors as Predictors of Adjustment for Siblings of Children with a Disability
Giallo, R.; Gavidia-Payne, S.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v50 n12 p937-948 Dec 2006
Background: Siblings adjust to having a brother or sister with a disability in diverse ways. This study investigated a range of child, parent and family factors as predictors of sibling adjustment outcomes. Methods: Forty-nine siblings (aged 7-16 years) and parents provided information about (1) sibling daily hassles and uplifts; (2) sibling coping; (3) parent stress; (4) parenting; and (5) family resilience. Multiple regression techniques were used. Results: It was found that parent and family factors were stronger predictors of sibling adjustment difficulties than siblings' own experiences of stress and coping. Specifically, socio-economic status, past attendance at a sibling support group, parent stress, family time and routines, family problem-solving and communication, and family hardiness-predicted sibling adjustment difficulties. Finally, siblings' perceived intensity of daily uplifts significantly predicted sibling prosocial behaviour. Conclusions: The results revealed that the family level of risk and resilience factors were better predictors of sibling adjustment than siblings' own experiences of stress and coping resources, highlighting the importance of familial and parental contributions to the sibling adjustment process. The implications of these results for the design of interventions and supports for siblings are discussed.
Descriptors: Investigations, Parent Child Relationship, Coping, Multiple Regression Analysis, Socioeconomic Status, Parent Role, Disabilities, Sibling Relationship, Family Influence, Adjustment (to Environment), Predictor Variables, Children, Performance Factors, Outcomes of Treatment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A