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Llewellyn, Nicole; Rudolph, Karen D.; Roisman, Glenn I. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2012
Research suggests that the pubertal transition, particularly when experienced earlier than age-matched peers, is associated with heightened depression in girls but less depression in boys. This study examined whether stress within other-sex relationships serves as one process through which puberty differentially contributes to depression for girls…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Puberty, Depression (Psychology), Gender Differences
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Paek, Sue Hyeon; Runco, Mark A. – Creativity Research Journal, 2017
The criterion problem was one of the focal points of early studies of creativity, but several useful criteria have been developed in the last few decades. The investigation reported here represents additional progress. This report (a) describes a new quality of creative achievement index for each domain of the Creative Activity and Accomplishment…
Descriptors: Creative Activities, Creativity, Creative Thinking, Foreign Countries
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Lentillon-Kaestner, Vanessa; Roure, Cédric – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2019
Background: A student's choice to engage in a learning task is highly related to the student's environmental stimuli and his or her perception of interest. From this perspective, the construct of situational interest (SI) has been used to interpret students' motivation in task engagement. SI is assumed to be transitory, environmentally activated,…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Coeducation, Single Sex Classes, Student Participation
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Pearson, Jennifer; Wilkinson, Lindsey – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2013
Existing research suggests that sexual minority youth experience lower levels of well-being, in part because they perceive less social support than heterosexual youth. Sexual minority youth with strong family relationships may demonstrate resilience and increased well-being; however, it is also possible that the experience of sexual stigma may…
Descriptors: Well Being, Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Drinking
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Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bryson, Susan E.; Szatmari, Peter; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Roberts, Wendy; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Sex differences were examined in 3-year-olds with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) ascertained from a high-risk cohort, and high- and low-risk comparison groups. Participants included 319 high-risk siblings and 129 low-risk controls. Eighty-five siblings were diagnosed with ASD, including 57 of 176 boys (32.4%) and 28 of 143 girls (19.6%), implying…
Descriptors: Females, Autism, Males, Siblings
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Harrop, Clare; Green, Jonathan; Hudry, Kristelle – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While sex differences in play have been extensively observed in typical development, only a handful of studies have explored this phenomenon in depth with children with autism spectrum disorders. This study explored sex differences in play complexity and toy engagement within caregiver-child interaction samples for preschool-aged children (2-5…
Descriptors: Play, Toys, Preschool Children, Autism
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Auyeung, Bonnie; Allison, Carrie; Wheelwright, Sally; Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Adolescent versions of the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and Systemizing Quotient (SQ) were developed and administered to n = 1,030 parents of typically developing adolescents, aged 12-16 years. Both measures showed good test-retest reliability and high internal consistency. Girls scored significantly higher on the EQ, and boys scored significantly higher…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Longitudinal Studies, Males
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Kontula, Osmo – Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 2010
Finland is probably the only country where sex education has been studied in two consecutive national surveys, in 1996 and 2006 directed at biology and health education teachers, and in 2000 and 2006 by measuring adolescents' sexual knowledge. In 2006, responses from teachers and students could be combined for 339 schools. The most important…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Health Education, Sex Education, Gender Differences
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Todd, Brenda K.; Barry, John A.; Thommessen, Sara A. O. – Infant and Child Development, 2017
Many studies have found that a majority of boys and girls prefer to play with toys that are typed to their own gender but there is still uncertainty about the age at which such sex differences first appear, and under what conditions. Applying a standardized research protocol and using a selection of gender-typed toys, we observed the toy…
Descriptors: Toys, Infants, Toddlers, Young Children
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Chazal, Sebastien; Guimond, Serge; Darnon, Celine – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2012
This research examines the impact of same-sex versus opposite-sex social comparisons on the perception of one's own abilities at school and subsequent reported marks and academic choices. During their final year, male and female high school students were asked to describe themselves either in comparison with boys in their class, in comparison with…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Self Control, Gender Differences, Social Cognition
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Park, Sangyoon – Education Economics, 2018
I study the effect of coeducation on academic performance and science course enrollment using student-level data from a South Korean high school that, at the beginning of each academic year, quasi-randomly assigned students to either single-sex or coeducation classrooms. This paper presents two main findings. First, among girls with high…
Descriptors: Coeducation, Academic Achievement, Course Selection (Students), High School Students
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Munson-Warnken, Megan – Reading Teacher, 2017
"Boy books" are frequently promoted as a surefire way to increase reading motivation and engagement among young adolescent boys. This study challenges the "boy book"/"girl book" dichotomy, suggesting that particular book covers may discourage boys from reading novels they might otherwise enjoy. It also presents…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Adolescent Literature, Sex Stereotypes, Reading Motivation
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Dempster, Steve; Oliver, Alice; Sunderland, Jane; Thistlethwaite, Joanne – Children's Literature in Education, 2016
This article reports findings from a small-scale focus-group study funded by the British Academy. Drawing on Herbert Marsh and Richard Shavelson's notion of "Academic Self-Concept" and David Barton and Mary Hamilton's view of literacy as context-specific social practices, the authors examine what young British "Harry Potter"…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Didacticism, Focus Groups, Reading Habits
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Bowker, Julie C.; Spencer, Sarah V.; Thomas, Katelyn K.; Gyoerkoe, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
This study examined other-sex crush experiences (both having and being perceived as an other-sex crush) among 544 young adolescents (mean age = 12.74 years). Results indicated that 56% had at least one current other-sex crush, with little overlap between crushes, friends, and boyfriends/girlfriends. Significant associations between other-sex crush…
Descriptors: Aggression, Early Adolescents, Peer Relationship, Interpersonal Attraction
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Kutnick, Peter; Chan, Rosanna Yuen-Yan; Chan, Cecilia Ka Yuk; Good, David; Lee, Betty Pok-Yee; Lai, Veronica Ka Wai – European Journal of Engineering Education, 2018
Many post-industrial societies have seen a decline in secondary school students' aspirations to become an engineer. Hong Kong (HK) is a post-industrial region within a larger industrialising society where no current study identifies engineering aspirations of secondary students. A representative sample of HK (3724 students/23 schools) explored…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Occupational Aspiration, Positive Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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