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ERIC Number: EJ875182
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0360-1315
Can Students Really Multitask? An Experimental Study of Instant Messaging while Reading
Bowman, Laura L.; Levine, Laura E.; Waite, Bradley M.; Gendron, Michael
Computers & Education, v54 n4 p927-931 May 2010
Students often "multitask" with electronic media while doing schoolwork. We examined the effects of one form of media often used in such multitasking, instant messaging (IM). We predicted that students who engaged in IMing while reading a typical academic psychology passage online would take longer to read the passage and would perform more poorly on a test of comprehension of the passage. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (IM before reading, IM during reading, or no IM). We found that students took significantly longer to read the passage when they IMed during reading (not including time taken to IM) than in other conditions. However, test performance did not differ by condition. Students who are managing busy lives may think they are accomplishing more by multitasking, but our findings suggest they will actually need more time to achieve the same level of performance on an academic task.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A