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ERIC Number: EJ861797
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0896-4289
Key Factors in Smoking Cessation Intervention among 15-16-Year-Olds
Heikkinen, Anna Maria; Broms, Ulla; Pitkaniemi, Janne; Koskenvuo, Markku; Meurman, Jukka
Behavioral Medicine, v35 n3 p93-99 Fall 2009
The authors aimed to investigate factors associated with smoking cessation among adolescents after tobacco intervention. They examined smokers (n = 127) from one birth cohort (n = 545) in the city of Kotka in Finland. These smokers were randomized in 3 intervention groups the dentist (n = 44) and the school nurse (n = 42 groups), and a control group (n = 39). After 2 months, the authors sent a follow-up questionnaire to the initial smokers to find out who had quit. The authors found that those whose best friend was a nonsmoker were more likely to stop smoking (relative risk RR 7.0 95% Cl 4.6-10.7). Moreover, the nicotine-dependent participants (measured according to the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence) were less likely to stop (RR 0.1 95% Cl 0.08-0.11) compared to non-nicotine dependent participants. Last, of the diurnal types, the morning types found it easier to quit smoking than the evening types (RR 2.2 95% Cl 1.4-3.6). Thus, the authors concluded that the best friend's influence, nicotine dependence, and diurnal type could be taken more into account in individual counseling on smoking cessation. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland