ERIC Number: EJ696664
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov-1
Reference Count: N/A
Resilient Children of Injection Drug Users.
Pilowsky, Daniel J.; Zybert, Patricia A.; Vlahov, David
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, v43 n11 p1372 Nov 2004
Objective: To examine associations between resilience in children of injection drug users and children's coping strategies, parenting stress, and children's social support. Method: Injection drug-using parents (n = 91) and their children aged 6 to 11 (n = 117) were recruited in Baltimore (1997-1999). Resilience was defined as scoring in the lowest quartile of the Child Behavior Checklist total psychopathology score. Coping strategies used by resilient and nonresilient children, the extent and types of social support that they received, and the level of parenting stress reported by their parents were compared and contrasted. Results: Rates of depressive, anxiety, and disruptive behavior disorders were 15.4%, 22.2%, and 21.4%, respectively, for the entire sample. Compared with the nonresilient, resilient children were less likely to use two avoidance coping strategies (internalizing [p = .002] and externalizing [p = .017]). The level of actual support received by resilient and nonresilient children did not differ significantly (p = .202). Perceived support was greater among resilient children (as reported by their parents; p < .001), and their parents reported lower parenting stress (p = .042). Conclusions: A significant proportion of children of injection drug users are in need of clinical care. Interventions to help children of substance-abusing parents modify their coping style merit exploration. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 2004;43(11):1372-1379. Key Words: children of injection drug users, children of substance abusing parents, parenting, stress coping, social support.
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Psychopathology, Child Behavior, Child Rearing, Check Lists, Behavior Disorders, Coping
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Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist