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ERIC Number: ED550845
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 214
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-2679-6394-9
Research Misconduct in National Science Foundation Funded Research: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of 2007-2011 Research Awards
Masters, Elizabeth A.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Northcentral University
Research is an important aspect of academic institutions as it brings funding, reputation, and other benefits to the associated establishment. Research misconduct in the form of plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification can occur in association with research, along with subsequent penalties. The problem of the poorly established prevalence of the research misconduct categories of plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification in academic research, and the deficiency in quantitative knowledge regarding the associated research misconduct penalties of retraction of published articles, funding loss, and employment termination, were addressed in this study. A mixed methods correlational archival research of 69 cases of research misconduct presented in National Science Foundation Office of Inspector General congressional documents from 2007 to 2011 was conducted in order to examine this problem. Qualitative data was collected via archival research of the documents in order to address the qualitative and quantitative research questions and hypotheses posed. The qualitative analysis indicated that 88.41% of the cases involved plagiarism, 2.90% involved falsification, 4.35% involved fabrication, and 4.35% involved both fabrication and falsification. In addition, 12 distinguishable penalties were identified, with 86.96% of the cases resulting in the requirement of ethics training. The quantitative research questions regarded the significance of the difference in the proportions of plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification, which were tested using the chi-square test of proportions; and the significance of the association between those categories and the specific delineated penalties retraction of published work, funding loss, and employment termination, which were tested using the chi-square (X[superscript 2]) test. The chi-square test of proportions indicated mixed results at the 0.05 level. At the 0.05 level the chi-square (X[superscript 2]) test indicated a significant association between all categories of research misconduct and funding loss, but no significant association with employment termination; the results for the retraction of published work were mixed for the categories. Future studies on the topic of research misconduct in non-medical related research are recommended and it is recommended that the National Science Foundation consider the implementation of a reproducible research model in order to strengthen the research record and deter fraudulent research conducted with National Science Foundation funds. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A