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ERIC Number: EJ755950
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Recognition Memory for Novel Stimuli: The Structural Regularity Hypothesis
Cleary, Anne M.; Morris, Alison L.; Langley, Moses M.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v33 n2 p379-393 Mar 2007
Early studies of human memory suggest that adherence to a known structural regularity (e.g., orthographic regularity) benefits memory for an otherwise novel stimulus (e.g., G. A. Miller, 1958). However, a more recent study suggests that structural regularity can lead to an increase in false-positive responses on recognition memory tests (B. W. A. Whittlesea & L. D. Williams, 1998). In the present study the authors attempted to identify the circumstances under which structural regularity benefits old-new discrimination and those under which it leads to an increase in false-positive responses. The highly generalizable tendency shown here is for structural regularity to benefit old-new discrimination. The increase in false-positive responses for structurally regular novel items may be limited to situations in which regularity is confounded with similarity to studied items.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A