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Showing 76 to 90 of 902 results Save | Export
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Martin, Ryan C. – Teaching of Psychology, 2020
Despite clear interpersonal, physiological, behavioral, and emotional consequences, the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," fifth edition ("DSM-5") and most abnormal psychology textbooks inadequately describe maladaptive anger. Although there is no recent published research on coverage of maladaptive anger…
Descriptors: Self Control, Psychological Patterns, Psychology, Emotional Disturbances
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Still, George F. – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2006
This article presents excerpts of the three lectures delivered by George F. Still on March 4, 1902, March 6, 1902, and March 11, 1902. In the first lecture, Still discussed several points in the psychology and development of social control in the normal child and considered the occurrence of defective moral control in in association with general…
Descriptors: Social Control, Disabilities, Lecture Method, Moral Values
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Wong, Virginia C. N.; Fung, Cecilia K. Y.; Wong, Polly T. Y. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Data from 1,261 Chinese Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) patients were evaluated and categorized into dysmorphic (10.79%) and non-dysmorphic groups (89.21%) upon physical examination by the presence of dysmorphic features. Abnormal MRI/CT result, IQ scores and epilepsy were significantly associated with the dysmorphic group of ASD children.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Classification
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Gabriels, Robin L.; Agnew, John A.; Miller, Lucy Jane; Gralla, Jane; Pan, Zhaoxing; Goldson, Edward; Ledbetter, James C.; Dinkins, Juliet P.; Hooks, Elizabeth – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2008
This study examined the relation between restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behaviors and interests (RBs) and sensory responses in a group of 70 children and adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Caregivers completed the Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised (RBS-R) and the Sensory Profile. Controlling for IQ and age,…
Descriptors: Autism, Interests, Intelligence Quotient, Profiles
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Hoeksma, Marco R.; Kemner, Chantal; Kenemans, J. Leon; van Engeland, Herman – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006
This paper studied whether abnormal P3 amplitudes in PDD are a corollary of abnormalities in ERP components related to selective attention in visual and auditory tasks. Furthermore, this study sought to clarify possible age differences in such abnormalities. Children with PDD showed smaller P3 amplitudes than controls, but no abnormalities in…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Auditory Perception, Age Differences, Children
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Muris, Peter – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2006
Freud's psychodynamic theory is predominantly based on case histories of patients who displayed abnormal behavior. From a scientific point of view, Freud's analyses of these cases are unacceptable because the key concepts of his theory cannot be tested empirically. However, in one respect, Freud was totally right: most forms of abnormal behavior…
Descriptors: Disability Identification, Patients, Etiology, Psychology
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Bons, Danielle; van den Broek, Egon; Scheepers, Floor; Herpers, Pierre; Rommelse, Nanda; Buitelaaar, Jan K. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2013
It is unclear which aspects of empathy are shared and which are uniquely affected in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and conduct disorder (CD) as are the neurobiological correlates of these empathy impairments. The aim of this systematic review is to describe the overlap and specificity of motor, emotional, and cognitive aspects of empathy in…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Empathy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Turley, Matthew R.; Obrzut, John E. – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2012
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can affect people of all ages but the literature is lacking on children and adolescents who experience PTSD. The consequences of this disorder extend beyond the basic symptoms by which it is defined. Neuroanatomically, the brains of children with PTSD have been found to be abnormally symmetrical in several…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, School Psychologists, Adolescents
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Griffith, Gemma M.; Hastings, Richard P.; Petalas, Michael A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Debate is ongoing about whether typically developing siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at greater risk of behavioral or emotional problems than siblings of children without ASD. Most data on behavior is provided by mothers, and we do not know whether fathers' reports differ. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire…
Descriptors: Mother Attitudes, Father Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Geurts, Hilde M; de Wit, Sanne – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
Repetitive behavior is a key characteristic of autism spectrum disorders. Our aim was to investigate the hypothesis that this abnormal behavioral repetition results from a tendency to over-rely on habits at the expense of flexible, goal-directed action. Twenty-four children with autism spectrum disorders and 24 age- and gender-matched controls…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Behavior Modification
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Grafodatskaya, Daria; Chung, Brian; Szatmari, Peter; Weksberg, Rosanna – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: Current research suggests that the causes of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are multifactorial and include both genetic and environmental factors. Several lines of evidence suggest that epigenetics also plays an important role in ASD etiology and that it might, in fact, integrate genetic and environmental influences to dysregulate…
Descriptors: Evidence, Autism, Genetics, Etiology
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Swartz, Johnna R.; Wiggins, Jillian Lee; Carrasco, Melissa; Lord, Catherine; Monk, Christopher S. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2013
Objective: Amygdala habituation, the rapid decrease in amygdala responsiveness to the repeated presentation of stimuli, is fundamental to the nervous system. Habituation is important for maintaining adaptive levels of arousal to predictable social stimuli and decreased habituation is associated with heightened anxiety. Input from the ventromedial…
Descriptors: Anatomy, Autism, Habituation, Visual Stimuli
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Waters, Allison M.; Schilpzand, Elizabeth; Bell, Clare; Walker, Lynn S.; Baber, Kari – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2013
This study examined the incidence and correlates of functional gastrointestinal symptoms in children with anxiety disorders. Participants were 6-13 year old children diagnosed with one or more anxiety disorders (n = 54) and non-clinical control children (n = 51). Telephone diagnostic interviews were performed with parents to determine the presence…
Descriptors: Children, Anxiety Disorders, Incidence, Severity (of Disability)
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Funabiki, Yasuko; Murai, Toshiya; Toichi, Motomi – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) can demonstrate hypersensitivity to sounds as well as a lack of awareness of them. Several functional imaging studies have suggested an abnormal response in the auditory cortex of such subjects, but it is not known whether these subjects have dysfunction in the auditory cortex or are simply not…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Autism, Attention Control, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Udal, Anne H.; Oygarden, Bjorg; Egeland, Jens; Malt, Ulrik F.; Groholt, Berit – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2012
Differentiating between early-onset bipolar disorder (BD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be difficult. Memory problems are commonly reported in BD, and forgetfulness is among the diagnostic criteria for ADHD. We compared children and adolescents with BD (n = 23), ADHD combined type (ADHD-C; n = 26), BD + ADHD-C (n = 15),…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Semantics, Verbal Learning, Adolescents
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