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Genç, Gülten – Online Submission, 2016
The main purpose of this study is to analyze Turkish tertiary level EFL learners' attributions to success and failure and the effects of gender, age, and perceived success on their attributions. The results indicated that EFL learners respectively attributed interest, ability, task difficulty, effort, luck and the influence of teacher and school…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Student Attitudes
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Heller, Monica L.; Cassady, Jerrell C. – Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition, 2017
The current study explored the impact of internal and external barriers (e.g., academic anxiety, employment) that place subgroups of college students at risk for academic failure in the first year. The mitigating potential of academic resource management strategies (e.g., time-study environment) was also examined. In a sample of 885 first-semester…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Freshmen, Barriers
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Hogarth, Melitta – English in Australia, 2019
It came as a surprise to me, after an extensive Google search and reading of numerous policies, that English, and more specifically Standard Australian English, is not the official language of Australia (ACARA, 2016c; Lo Bianco, 1987). There are examples cited by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) (1999) that state, 'English is regarded as…
Descriptors: Standard Spoken Usage, English, Language Variation, Foreign Countries
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Williams, Marion; Burden, Robert; Poulet, Gerard; Maun, Ian – Language Learning Journal, 2004
Research into learners' attributions for their successes and failures has received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This study is timely in view of the current interest by the government in promoting foreign languages. The aims of the study were (1) to investigate…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Second Language Learning, Metacognition, Second Language Instruction
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Throndsen, Inger – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
Background: Several studies have examined young primary school children's use of strategies when solving simple addition and subtraction problems. Most of these studies have investigated students' strategy use as if they were isolated processes. To date, we have little knowledge about how math strategies in young students are related to other…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Mathematics Skills
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Roque, Isabel; de Lemos, Marina Serra; Gonçalves, Teresa – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
This study examined the development of school-related causality beliefs which are children's generalized perceptions of the utility or power of different categories of specific means in producing school outcomes. Based on the action theory perspective, we analyzed the developmental model of these beliefs as well as the trajectories of the…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Developmental Stages, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 2
Banziger, George; Drevenstedt, Jean – 1981
Age is often used to explain performances by older people that may be judged substandard in comparison with those of younger people. To explore age as a possible causal attribution, descriptions of task performances by young (aged 30) and old (aged 70) women were judged by young (N=352) and old (N=96) female subjects on four attributions, i.e.,…
Descriptors: Ability, Achievement, Adult Development, Age Differences
Leung, Jupian J. – 1993
The purpose of this study was to determine if students' gender was related to their own and their perceived parental motivational orientations in school achievement. Motivational orientations in school achievement were measured by a number of items focusing on the meaning of success in school, preference for school feedback, school task…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Attribution Theory, Catholic Schools
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Williams, Marion; Burden, Robert – Modern Language Journal, 1999
Describes a small-scale study into learners' attributions for success and failure in learning French. The study investigated the way in which learners conceptualize the notion of doing well, together with perceived reasons for successes and failures. Interviews were conducted with students (10-15 years of age) who were learning French in the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Early Adolescents, Elementary Secondary Education, Failure
Igoe, Ann R.; Sullivan, Howard – 1991
Descriptive data were collected from male and female students in grades 7, 9, and 11 on five learner attributes commonly reported as influencing student learning and/or motivation: desire for approval of others, attribution of success or failure, desire for challenge in academic settings, perceived self-competence in school settings, and locus of…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Attribution Theory, Comparative Testing, Grade 11
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Luchow, Jed P.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1985
The study involving 28 educationally handicapped (EH) and 25 learning disabled LD/EH children (mean ages 13 and 12 years) included among its results that EH Ss took significantly more personal responsibility for academic failure than did LD/EH Ss; EH Ss attributed success to ability but failure to both lack of ability and lack of effort.…
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Attribution Theory, Elementary Secondary Education, Helplessness
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Zevenbergen, Robyn – For the Learning of Mathematics, 2003
Why are some students more likely to succeed in or fail mathematics than their peers, in spite of similar learning opportunities? Frequently such differences have been framed within liberal or even conservative discourses that identify purportedly innate dispositions, such as the ability or intelligence, as the root of differential success.…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Ability Grouping, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Theories
van Kraayenoord, Christina E.; And Others – 1989
A study examined reading performance, metacognitive knowledge about reading, awareness of the conventions about print, perceptions of reading ability, and causal attributions for success and failure in reading of children with reading difficulties in Year 2 in Australia. One hundred children from the Brisbane region were involved in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 2, Longitudinal Studies, Metacognition
Dev, Poonam C. – 1996
This paper reviews the research literature on the intervention methods practiced to enhance, and the measures used to assess, academic intrinsic motivation in the school-age population with learning disabilities (LD). According to the research surveyed, retention and generalization improve when learning is intrinsically rather than extrinsically…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Generalization
Leung, Jupian J.; And Others – 1993
This study examined the relationship of ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status (SES), age, and self-perceived academic achievement to students' academic motivational orientations. Groups of 333 American students in Wisconsin and 375 Chinese students in Hong Kong in grades 8, 10, and 12 completed questionnaires that gathered demographic…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Failure, Age Differences, Attribution Theory