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Trosper, Sarah E.; Whitton, Sarah W.; Brown, Timothy A.; Pincus, Donna B. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2012
Investigators are persistently aiming to clarify structural relationships among the emotional disorders in efforts to improve diagnostic classification. The high co-occurrence of anxiety and mood disorders, however, has led investigators to portray the current structure of anxiety and depression in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Emotional Disturbances, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Kee, S. Brian; Casey, Laura Baylot; Cea, Clayton R.; Bicard, David F.; Bicard, Sara E. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2012
According to the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, APA, 2000), autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by impairments in social and communicative behaviors with great variations in ability, depending on developmental level, intelligence, and chronological…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Autism, Sign Language, Communication Skills
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Mattila, Marja-Leena; Kielinen, Marko; Linna, Sirkka-Liisa; Jussila, Katja; Ebeling, Hanna; Bloigu, Risto; Joseph, Robert M.; Moilanen, Irma – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: The latest definitions of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) were specified in "DSM-IV-TR" in 2000. "DSM-5" criteria are planned for 2013. Here, we estimated the prevalence of ASDs and autism according to "DSM-IV-TR," clarified confusion concerning diagnostic criteria, and evaluated "DSM-5" draft…
Descriptors: Observation, Incidence, Autism, Asperger Syndrome
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Yew, Shaun Goh Kok; O'Kearney, Richard – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: Prospective evidence on psychological outcomes for children with specific language impairments (SLI) is accumulating. To date, there has been no attempt to summarise what this evidence says about the strength of link between SLI and later child and adolescent emotional and behavioural (EB) outcomes. Methods: We undertook a systematic…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Meta Analysis, Children, Adolescents
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Flapper, Boudien C. T.; Schoemaker, Marina M. – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
Co-morbidity of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and the impact of DCD on quality-of-life (QOL) was investigated in 65 5-8 year old children with SLI (43 boys, age 6.8 [plus or minus] 0.8; 22 girls, age 6.6 [plus or minus] 0.8). The prevalence of DCD was assessed using DSM-IV-TR criteria…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Language Impairments, Incidence
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Osborne, Allan G., Jr. – Remedial and Special Education (RASE), 1992
Guidelines are offered to authors on the correct citation format for legal references, including statutes and regulations, court decisions, and law review articles. Standards are based on those published by the Harvard Law Review Association and the American Psychological Association. (DB)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Citations (References), Court Litigation, Federal Legislation
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Reddy, Linda A.; Espelage, Dorothy; McMahon, Susan D.; Anderman, Eric M.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Brown, Veda Evanell; Reynolds, Cecil R.; Jones, Abraham; Kanrich, Jaclyn – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2013
Violence directed toward teachers has been understudied despite significant media and empirical investigation on school violence, such as student-to-student victimization and bullying. To date, there are relatively few published studies scattered across many countries. To address this void, the American Psychological Association, in collaboration…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Violence, School Safety, National Surveys
Snyder, Patricia A.; Thompson, Bruce – 1997
The use of tests of statistical significance was explored, first by reviewing some criticisms of contemporary practice in the use of statistical tests as reflected in a series of articles in the "American Psychologist" and in the appointment of a "Task Force on Statistical Inference" by the American Psychological Association…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Educational Research, Effect Size, Elementary Secondary Education
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Petscher, Erin S.; Rey, Catalina; Bailey, Jon S. – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2009
Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) is one of the most common behavior analytic interventions used to decrease unwanted behavior. We reviewed the DRA literature from the past 30 years to identify the aspects that are thoroughly researched and those that would benefit from further emphasis. We found and coded 116 empirical…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Modification, Reinforcement, Intervention
Sparks, Elizabeth; Gonsalves, Lisa – 1995
The involvement of African American youth in urban violence (nondomestic violence in an urban setting) was studied through a review of literature in the field of psychology. Articles that dealt with African American children and adolescents who have been exposed to or who have experienced this type of violence were selected from journals published…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Black Youth, Children, Literature Reviews
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Crook-Lyon, Rachel E.; Presnell, Jennifer; Silva, Lynda; Suyama, Mich; Stickney, Janine – Journal of College Counseling, 2011
Focusing on supervision training is important for a variety of reasons. Many professionals, for example, stress both the positive and negative impact supervisors have on the development of counselor trainees. In addition, counselors are likely to provide supervision during their professional career. Furthermore, the role of supervisor is often…
Descriptors: Supervisory Training, Supervisors, Role, Counselor Training
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Neumann, Irene; Neumann, Knut; Nehm, Ross – International Journal of Science Education, 2011
Given the central importance of the Nature of Science (NOS) and Scientific Inquiry (SI) in national and international science standards and science learning, empirical support for the theoretical delineation of these constructs is of considerable significance. Furthermore, tests of the effects of varying magnitudes of NOS knowledge on…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Science Tests, Item Response Theory, Science Education
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Phan, Huy P. – International Journal on E-Learning, 2011
Multimedia learning is innovative and has revolutionised the way we learn online. It is important to create a multimedia learning environment that stimulates active participation and effective learning. The significance of multimedia learning extends to include the cultivation of professional and personal experiences that reflect the reality of a…
Descriptors: Evidence, Electronic Learning, Educational Environment, Multimedia Instruction
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Clarebout, Geraldine; Elen, Jan – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2006
Research reveals that in highly structured learning environments pedagogical agents can act as tools to direct students' learning processes by providing content or problem solving guidance. It has not yet been addressed whether pedagogical agents have a similar impact in more open learning environments that aim at fostering students' acquisition…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Intervals, Experimental Groups, Problem Solving
Briggs, Alissa – Communique, 2009
The topic of social justice is not new to dialogue and research within disciplines that serve children, such as education and psychology. The commitment to social justice within the fields of education and psychology is evidenced by the attention that their organizations--the American Educational Research Association (AERA) and the American…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Educational Research, School Psychologists, School Psychology
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