ERIC Number: EJ1142170
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
High School-Based Treatment for Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Results from a Pilot Study Examining Outcomes and Dosage
Evans, Steven W.; Schultz, Brandon K.; DeMars, Christine E.
School Psychology Review, v43 n2 p185-202 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and dose-response relationship of a school-based treatment program for high school students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Two paraprofessionals provided interventions to 24 students with ADHD randomly assigned to the treatment condition at two public high schools. They met in dyadic coaching sessions during one school year. In addition, parents attended weekly parent meetings and adolescents attended group sessions targeting social functioning in the evenings for 10 weeks in the fall semester. Intent-to-treat analyses showed little statistically significant benefit for the participants; however, effect sizes indicated moderate improvements in parent ratings of inattention, relationships with peers, academic impairment, and family functioning. There was large variability in the dosage of services received across participants, and an analysis of outcomes by dosage suggests large differences in response based on the number of sessions attended. This school-based intervention provides a viable option for educators and school mental health professionals who wish to provide interventions for high school students with ADHD, but further development and evaluation are needed.
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Program Effectiveness, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Coaching (Performance), Parent Participation, Group Activities, Intention, Statistical Analysis, Effect Size, Parent Attitudes, Peer Relationship, Academic Ability, Family Relationship, Training, Skill Development, Rural Schools, Intelligence Tests, Achievement Tests, Drug Therapy, Rating Scales, Behavior Problems, Teacher Surveys, Grades (Scholastic)
National Association of School Psychologists. 4340 East West Highway Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Tel: 301-657-0270; Fax: 301-657-0275; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://naspjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Virginia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test; Wechsler Individual Achievement Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: R34MH074713