ERIC Number: EJ838877
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Health Literacy Skills in Rural and Urban Populations
Zahnd, Whitney E.; Scaife, Steven L.; Francis, Mark L.
American Journal of Health Behavior, v33 n5 p550-557 Sep-Oct 2009
Objective: To determine whether health literacy is lower in rural populations. Method: We analyzed health, prose, document, and quantitative literacy from the National Assessment of Adult Literacy study. Metropolitan Statistical Area designated participants as rural or urban. Results: Rural populations had lower literacy levels for all literacy types (P less than 0.001 for each). After adjusting for known confounders, there was no longer a difference in health or prose literacy (P greater than 0.05). However, rural populations had higher document (P = 0.04) and quantitative (P = 0.01) literacy. Conclusion: Health literacy is lower in the rural population although this difference is explained by known confounders.
Descriptors: Rural Population, Numeracy, Adult Literacy, Prose, Rural Areas, Urban Areas, Urban Population, Public Health, Reading Skills, Information Dissemination, Adults
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Adult Literacy