ERIC Number: EJ734187
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Dec
Abstinence Self-Efficacy and Abstinence 1 Year After Substance Use Disorder Treatment
Ilgen, Mark; McKellar, John; Tiet, Quyen
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v73 n6 p1175-1180 Dec 2005
To better understand the relationship between abstinence self-efficacy and treatment outcomes in substance use disorder patients, experts in the field need more information about the levels of abstinence self-efficacy most predictive of treatment outcomes. Participants (N = 2,967) from 15 residential substance use disorder treatment programs were assessed at treatment entry, discharge, and 1-year follow-up. A signal detection analysis compared the ability of different measures of self-efficacy to predict 1-year abstinence and identified the optimal cutoffs for significant predictors. The maximal level of abstinence self-efficacy (i.e., 100% confident) measured at discharge was the strongest predictor of 1-year abstinence. Treatment providers should focus on obtaining high levels of abstinence self-efficacy during treatment with the goal of achieving 100% confidence in abstinence.
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Substance Abuse, Outcomes of Treatment, Followup Studies, Predictor Variables, Behavior Disorders, Measures (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A