ERIC Number: EJ1031988
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Quiet or Questioning? Students' Discussion Behaviors in Student-Centered Education across Cultures
Frambach, Janneke M.; Driessen, Erik W.; Beh, Philip; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.
Studies in Higher Education, v39 n6 p1001-1021 2014
A tool used in student-centered education is discussion among students in small learning groups. The Western origin of student-centered education, coupled with cross-cultural differences in communication styles, may detract from its cross-cultural applicability. This study investigates how in student-centered education, students' cultural backgrounds are expressed in discussions and shape students' discussion behaviors and skills. A comparative case study using problem-based learning as a student-centered model was conducted in three medical schools located in East Asia, Western Europe and the Middle East. Four cultural factors were found to potentially cause students, especially those in the non-Western schools, to refrain from speaking up, asking questions, and challenging others in discussions. Six contextual factors mediated the influence of the cultural factors. The findings were incorporated in a conceptual model. The conclusion seems justified that student-centered education is feasible in different cultural contexts, but across these contexts, processes and outcomes are likely to differ.
Descriptors: Discussion (Teaching Technique), Learner Engagement, Student Participation, Comparative Analysis, Case Studies, Cultural Differences, Medical Schools, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Asian Culture, Western Civilization, Student Behavior, Context Effect, Achievement, Competition, Inhibition, Problem Based Learning, Teaching Methods, Personality Traits, Student Characteristics, Power Structure, Teacher Behavior, Language of Instruction, Evaluation Methods, Conventional Instruction, Secondary Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia; Hong Kong; Netherlands