ERIC Number: EJ734242
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Reexamining the Role of Cognitive Conflict in Science Concept Learning
Kang, Sukjin; Scharmann, Lawrence C.; Noh, Taehee
Research in Science Education, v34 n1 p71-96 Mar 2004
In this study, we defined and quantified the degree of cognitive conflict induced by a discrepant event from a cognitive perspective. Based on the scheme developed, we investigated the relationship between cognitive conflict and conceptual change, and the influences of students' cognitive characteristics on conflict in learning the concept of density. Subjects were 171 seventh-grade girls from two city middle schools in Korea. Tests regarding logical thinking ability, field dependence/independence, and meaningful learning approach were administered. A preconception test and a test of responses to a discrepant event were also administered. Computer-assisted instruction was then provided to students as a conceptual change intervention. A conception test was administered as a posttest. In analysing students' responses to the discrepant event, seven types of responses were identified: Rejection, reinterpretation, exclusion, uncertainty, peripheral belief change, belief decrease, and belief change. These types were then ordered into four levels. The results indicated that there existed a significant correlation between cognitive conflict and conceptual change. "t"-test results revealed that there were statistically significant differences in the degree of cognitive conflict by the levels of students' logical thinking ability and field dependence/independence. Meaningful learning approach, however, was found to have no statistically significant effect on cognitive conflict. Educational implications are discussed.
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Foreign Countries, Grade 7, Females, Learning Strategies, Logical Thinking, Computer Assisted Instruction, Correlation, Student Characteristics, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Tests, Science Instruction, Science Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 7
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea