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Zaff, Jonathan F. – America's Promise Alliance, 2018
This report is part of a series that was released on youth and career pathways, with previous reports ("Relationships Come First" and "Turning Points") focused on the primacy of relationships within career pathway programs and the perspectives of youth within those programs. This report is a synthesis of the work over the past…
Descriptors: Youth, Career Development, Career Readiness, Dropouts
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Pan, Jingtong; Zaff, Jonathan F. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
In this research, we examined the construct of a school engagement scale using exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM). This study involved a translated measurement model that was originally developed by Li and Lerner for U.S. youth, and data from a sample of eighth-, ninth-, and 11th-grade Chinese adolescents (N = 364). First, the results…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Youth, Foreign Countries, Structural Equation Models
Zaff, Jonathan F.; Malone, Thomas – Center for Promise, 2016
As of 2014, four percent of all 16- to 19-year-olds in the United States had left high school without graduating for a total of 690,000 youth. The current rate of youth leaving schools represents a decline from a high of approximately fourteen percent 40 years ago. The possible reasons for improvement include improved academic measurement and…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Dropouts, Student Attrition, Hypothesis Testing
Varga, Shannon M.; Zaff, Jonathan F. – Center for Promise, 2017
Relationships are the foundation upon which all youth development rests. Young people grow, learn, and develop through relationships. Relationships socialize youth and subsequently encourage identity development. Relationships provide connection, a necessity for all humans. Supportive relationships promote positive academic, behavioral, and…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Interpersonal Relationship, Adolescents, Adults
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McDermott, Elana R.; Donlan, Alice E.; Zaff, Jonathan F. – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Understanding the reasons that individuals drop out of high school is fundamental to improving intervention efforts to promote graduation. The authors present a mixed methods analysis of the reasons individuals drop out of high school before graduating. Using a survey methodology with young adults who left school before graduating (N = 1,047, M…
Descriptors: Dropout Attitudes, Dropouts, Young Adults, Stress Variables
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McDermott, Elana R.; Anderson, Sara; Zaff, Jonathan F. – Applied Developmental Science, 2018
A large body of work has examined factors that push and pull youth to drop out. However, a relatively minimal amount of work has examined whether and how these factors cluster in individuals' lives preceding or concurrent to leaving school. This study used Latent Class Analysis with a national sample (N = 1,942) to examine how push, pull, and…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Individual Characteristics, Classification, Multivariate Analysis
Porche, Michelle V.; Zaff, Jonathan F.; Pan, Jingtong – America's Promise Alliance, 2017
All young people have the potential to succeed--to do well academically, socially, and economically. Some young people, though, experience cumulative and chronic adversity along the way--disrupting their opportunities to thrive. Young people have the best chance to realize their potential when communities can intentionally align support with young…
Descriptors: Barriers, Success, Adolescents, At Risk Persons
Varga, Shannon M.; Margolius, Max; Yan, Catalina Tang; Skubel, Anna; Cole, Marissa L.; Zaff, Jonathan F. – America's Promise Alliance, 2019
Leaving school without graduating presents a significant challenge for young people and for society as a whole. One way communities and school systems are responding to this challenge is with coordinated efforts to re-engage young people in ways that make it more likely for them to earn a diploma. Re-engagement efforts vary across the country but…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Reentry Students, Learner Engagement, At Risk Students
Jones, Elizabeth Pufall; Margolius, Max; Rollock, Miriam; Yan, Catalina Tang; Cole, Marissa L.; Zaff, Jonathan F. – America's Promise Alliance, 2018
Many teachers do not receive the support necessary to simultaneously teach and respond appropriately to challenging student behavior. The systems in place are often purely reactive and lack a preventative component to address challenging behavior. The Center for Promise examined exclusionary discipline in Minnesota by speaking with young people…
Descriptors: Discipline Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Discipline
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Maniar, Swapnil; Zaff, Jonathan F. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2011
In this chapter, the authors extend the ideas around the development of self-regulation and its impact on development by proposing a life-span, relational, public health model. They propose that the role of self-regulation should be understood across transitions from childhood to adulthood and through an individual and community perspective,…
Descriptors: Public Health, Self Control, Role, Context Effect
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Zaff, Jonathan F.; Donlan, Alice; Gunning, Aaron; Anderson, Sara E.; McDermott, Elana; Sedaca, Michelle – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
A high school education prepares young people to participate positively in the economy and in civic life, among other positive life outcomes. However, nearly one in five American high school students does not graduate from high school on time, if ever. Progress has been made on understanding why students fail to complete high school and on raising…
Descriptors: High School Students, High School Graduates, Academic Achievement, Graduation Rate
Varga, Shannon M.; Margolius, Max; Yan, Catalina Tang; Cole, Marissa L.; Zaff, Jonathan F. – America's Promise Alliance, 2017
Youth whose First Language is Not English (FLNE)--an umbrella term that includes English Learners (ELs), youth who have reached English proficiency, and other nonnative English speakers who have never been enrolled in a formal EL program (see Figure 1)--represent the fastest growing segment of the United States public school population. Despite…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, English Language Learners, Academic Achievement, Student Experience
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McDermott, Elana R.; Donlan, Alice E.; Zaff, Jonathan F.; Prescott, Jennifer E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2016
Youth who have disengaged from and subsequently returned to school are qualitatively different from students with continual educational enrollment. In this study, we examined the validity for two measures: the Adult Hope Scale (AHS) and Persistence in Goal Striving (PGS) Scale, among two samples of reengaged students (i.e., students who have…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Measures (Individuals), Reentry Students, Continuation Students
Jones, Elizabeth Pufall; Flanagan, Sean; Zaff, Jonathan F.; McClay, Craig; Hynes, Michelle; Cole, Marissa – America's Promise Alliance, 2016
The Center for Promise researchers visited four programs across the country to find out what role relationships play in fostering workforce development and career readiness among "risk-immersed" youth: (1) Café Momentum in Dallas; (2) Per Scholas in the Bronx; (3) Urban Alliance in Washington, D.C.; and (4) Year Up in the Bay Area. The…
Descriptors: Career Development, Labor Force Development, Career Readiness, At Risk Students
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Zaff, Jonathan F.; Smerdon, Becky – Applied Developmental Science, 2009
In this article, we argue that policymakers in America should reference a coherent, comprehensive, and child-centered framework for children. That is, based on an extensive review of the empirical literature on the first two decades of life, we conclude that policies should address the needs of young people throughout the first two decades of…
Descriptors: Children, Young Adults, Public Policy, Child Welfare
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