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Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2010
This literature review focuses on presenting an overview of research on language and gender. An introduction to the factors influencing language use will first be made. Second, a brief discussion on sex and gender will be made to clarify the terminology used in the literature. Third, physical differences between men and women will also be pointed…
Descriptors: Language Styles, Second Language Learning, Gender Differences, English (Second Language)
Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2010
This article is intended to discuss prominent issues in teaching culture to second and foreign language students. The concepts of language and culture will be defined, respectively. Next, the characteristics and components of culture will be presented. In addition, commonly used terms in language and culture including enculturation, acculturation,…
Descriptors: Second Languages, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning
Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
This paper is concerned with research in measuring receptive and productive vocabulary knowledge in second language (L2) learning, including English as a second language (ESL) learning and English as a foreign language (EFL) learning. The paper will begin with a brief introduction to the role of vocabulary in language learning, and then an…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language
Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
This paper will examine the interaction hypothesis (IH) in second language acquisition (SLA). To begin with a short discussion of the confusing terms in SLA such as theory, model, hypothesis, and construct will be done so as to help readers easily understand theories in the field of SLA and related concepts. Next, what the IH is, and who proposed…
Descriptors: Interaction, Hypothesis Testing, Second Language Learning, Role
Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
Research in the field of second language acquisition (SLA) has been done to ascertain the effectiveness of visual input enhancement (VIE) on grammar learning. However, one issue remains unexplored: the effects of VIE density on grammar learning. This paper presents a research proposal to investigate the effects of the density of VIE on English…
Descriptors: Language Research, Second Language Learning, Grammar, Instruction
Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
Learning a second or foreign language is a long and time-consuming process, and not all language learners may be able to achieve a very high level of proficiency in the target language. It is even rarer to find second or foreign language learners who can use the target language as well as native speakers of the language. Researchers in the field…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency, Language Aptitude
Tran, Thu Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
This literature review looks at the impacts of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 on English language learners (ELLs), educators and schools. A brief overview of the current state of English as a second language teaching for adult learners will first be described. Then the importance of the enactment of the NCLB of 2001 is mentioned. Both…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Federal Legislation, Second Language Learning, Adult Learning
Thu, Tran Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
This study examines the language learning strategies employed by successful learners of English as a foreign and second language. Two successful English learners whose first languages are Mandarin were interviewed, and asked to complete a questionnaire and a self-evaluation measure to indicate their perceived level of language proficiency as well…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Second Language Learning, Mandarin Chinese, Vocabulary Development
Thu, Tran Hoang – Online Submission, 2009
This study investigates English as a second language (ESL) teachers' beliefs in grammar teaching. A 32-item questionnaire was administered to 11 ESL teachers in a language school in California. The results show that the participants generally believe that the formal study of grammar is essential to the eventual mastery of a foreign or second…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), English (Second Language), Questionnaires, Second Language Instruction