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Fowler, William J., Jr., Ed. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2005
This report contains papers presented at the 2004 annual NCES Summer Data Conference. Discussions and presentations dealt with such topics as measuring school efficiency, analyzing the return on education investment, calculating education costs per student, and assessing the financial condition of school districts. The following papers are…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Expenditures, Educational Research, Educational Attainment
Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Murnane, Richard, Ed. – Russell Sage Foundation, 2011
As the incomes of affluent and poor families have diverged over the past three decades, so too has the educational performance of their children. But how exactly do the forces of rising inequality affect the educational attainment and life chances of low-income children? In "Whither Opportunity?" a distinguished team of economists,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Community Characteristics, Neighborhoods, Behavior Problems
Roellke, Christopher, Ed.; Rice, Jennifer King, Ed. – 2002
This volume focuses on school finance challenges in large urban school districts, fiscal accountability in these schools, and the fiscal dimensions of urban school reform. The 12 papers are (1) "School Finance and Urban Education Reform" (Christopher Roellke and Jennifer King Rice); (2) "Can Whole-School Reform Improve the…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Competition, Data Interpretation, Educational Change
Monk, David H., Ed.; Walberg, Herbert J., Ed.; Wang, Margaret C., Ed. – 2001
This collection of papers focuses on the economic aspects of education as follows: (1) "Introduction" (David H. Monk, Margaret Wang, and Herbert J. Walberg); (2) "Tax Revolts and School Performance" (Thomas Downes and David Figlio); (3) "State Aid and Education Outcomes" (Sheila E. Murray); (4) "The Interface…
Descriptors: Competition, Court Litigation, Economic Factors, Educational Economics
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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Wiswall, Matthew – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research finds that small high schools deliver better outcomes than large high schools for urban students. An important outstanding question is whether this better performance is gained at the expense of losses elsewhere: Does small school reform lift the whole district? We explore New York City's small high school reform in which hundreds of new…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Educational Change, Small Schools, High Schools
Ladd, Helen F., Ed.; Chalk, Rosemary, Ed.; Hansen, Janet S., Ed. – 1999
In the mid 1990s, the U.S. Congress requested a major study of the U.S. system of elementary and secondary education finance by the National Research Council (NRC). This volume of background papers was prepared in conjunction with one part of the study. It includes eight papers commissioned by the NCR's committee to inform its discussions about…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education
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Whitesell, Emilyn Ruble; Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2016
Across the country and in urban areas in particular, many students change schools during the academic year. While much research documents the impact of changing schools on the academic achievement of mobile students themselves, less research explores whether new arrivals have negative spillovers on stable classmates. The lack of research on…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Rothbart, Michah W. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Recent research finds that grade span affects academic achievement but only speculates about the mechanisms. In this study, we examine one commonly cited mechanism, the top dog/bottom dog phenomenon, which states that students at the top of a grade span ("top dogs") have better experiences than those at the bottom ("bottom…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Bullying, Public Schools, Safety
Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Cordes, Sarah A. – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2015
The majority of existing research on mobility indicates that students do worse in the year of a school move. This research, however, has been unsuccessful in isolating the causal effects of mobility and often fails to distinguish the heterogeneous impacts of moves, conflating structural moves (mandated by a school's terminal grade) and…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Influences, Longitudinal Studies
Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Wiswall, Matthew – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2012
We evaluate the effectiveness of small high school reform in the country's largest school district, New York City. Using a rich administrative dataset for multiple cohorts of students and distance between student residence and school to instrument for endogenous school selection, we find substantial heterogeneity in school effects: newly created…
Descriptors: Small Schools, Urban Schools, School District Size, School Districts
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Stiefel, Leanna; Elbel, Brian; Pflugh Prescott, Melissa; Aneja, Siddhartha; Schwartz, Amy E. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Public schools provide students with opportunities to participate in many discretionary, unmandated wellness programs. Little is known about the number of these programs, their distribution across schools, and the kinds of students served. We provide evidence on these questions for New York City (NYC) public schools. Methods: Data on…
Descriptors: Wellness, Public Schools, High School Students, Regression (Statistics)
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Stiefel, Leanna; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Rotenberg, Anne – Education Finance and Policy, 2011
In the spring of 2008 the authors surveyed members of the American Education Finance Association (AEFA) to gain insight into their views on education policy issues. The results summarize opinions of this broad group of education researchers and practitioners, providing AEFA members and education leaders with access to views that may be helpful as…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, School Choice, Finance Reform, Educational Finance
Debraggio, Elizabeth; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2011
Immigration and migration to New York City (NYC) collectively create a dynamic population of students. In this brief the authors use a decade of detailed, longitudinal data on NYC's 1st-8th graders to explore both the "stock" of students enrolled and the "flow" of new entrants in each academic year. Together, these paint a…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Immigration, Grade 1, Grade 2
Debraggio, Elizabeth; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2011
New York City (NYC) is home to the largest school district in the U.S., with over one million students and more than 1,600 schools. While it is only one of approximately seven hundred school districts in New York State (NYS), the city educates about one-third of the state's students. In recent work examining school finance during Mayor Bloomberg's…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, School Districts, Educational Finance, Financial Support
Fowler, William J., Jr., Ed. – 1997
Those who study education policy have struggled to understand how money matters in education and why educational research finds no strong or consistent relationship between expenditures and student performance. The papers in this publication were commissioned by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to address the twin concerns of…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Educational Equity (Finance)
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