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Smith, Steven M.; Handy, Justin D.; Hernandez, Alan; Jacoby, Larry L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
It has often been shown that intentional recollection is influenced by context manipulations, such as context reinstatement (e.g., Smith, 2013; Smith & Vela, 2001), but whether or not automatic retrieval (e.g., Jacoby, 1991) is likewise context dependent remains an open question. Here, we present two experiments that examined effects of…
Descriptors: Memory, Context Effect, Priming, Undergraduate Students
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Terry, John; Strait, Gill; McQuillin, Sam; Smith, Bradley H. – Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 2014
Motivational interviewing (MI) is a brief client-centred intervention that increases intrinsic motivation for change. Little research has been conducted on MI to promote academic behaviours, but two studies found that one session of MI did improve middle-school students' math grades [Strait, G., Smith, B., McQuillin, S., Terry, J., Swan, S., &…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Academic Achievement, Motivation Techniques, Interviews
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Masicampo, E. J.; Sahakyan, Lili – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2014
We tested whether imagining another context during encoding would offset context-dependent forgetting. All participants studied a list of words in Context A. Participants who remained in Context A during the test recalled more than participants who were tested in another context (Context B), demonstrating the standard context-dependent forgetting…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Memory, Imagination, Recall (Psychology)
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Smith, Eliot R.; Collins, Elizabeth C. – Psychological Review, 2009
Research on person perception typically emphasizes cognitive processes of information selection and interpretation within the individual perceiver and the nature of the resulting mental representations. The authors focus instead on the ways person perception processes create, and are influenced by, the patterns of impressions that are socially…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Social Cognition, Social Environment, Social Networks
Emery, Alyssa A. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
As careers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) increase in both variety and quantity, the need for a STEM-literate public also increases. However, students with disabilities are underrepresented in the pipeline of high school and college courses that prepare individuals for careers in these fields. This underrepresentation…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Student Motivation, Emotional Experience, Disabilities
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Paulsen, Michael B., Ed. – Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, 2017
Published annually since 1985, the Handbook series provides a compendium of thorough and integrative literature reviews on a diverse array of topics of interest to the higher education scholarly and policy communities. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of research findings on a selected topic, critiques the research literature in terms…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Research, Scholarship, Instruction
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Xu, Lihua; Clarke, David – Research in Science Education, 2012
Density has been reported as one of the most difficult concepts for secondary school students (e.g. Smith et al. 1997). Discussion about the difficulties of learning this concept has been largely focused on the complexity of the concept itself or student misconceptions. Few, if any, have investigated how the concept of density was constituted in…
Descriptors: Discussion, Scientific Concepts, Grade 7, Misconceptions
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Scott, Rose M.; Fisher, Cynthia – Cognition, 2012
Recent evidence shows that children can use cross-situational statistics to learn new object labels under referential ambiguity (e.g., Smith & Yu, 2008). Such evidence has been interpreted as support for proposals that statistical information about word-referent co-occurrence plays a powerful role in word learning. But object labels represent only…
Descriptors: Evidence, Sentences, Verbs, Figurative Language
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Beals, Janette; Belcourt-Dittloff, Annie; Freedenthal, Stacey; Kaufman, Carol; Mitchell, Christina; Whitesell, Nancy; Albright, Karen; Beauvais, Fred; Belcourt, Gordon; Duran, Bonnie; Fleming, Candace; Floersch, Natasha; Foley, Kevin; Jervis, Lori; Kipp, Billie Jo; Mail, Patricia; Manson, Spero; May, Philip; Mohatt, Gerald; Morse, Bradley; Novins, Douglas; O'Connell, Joan; Parker, Tassy; Quintero, Gilbert; Spicer, Paul; Stiffman, Arlene; Stone, Joseph; Trimble, Joseph; Venner, Kamilla; Walters, Karina – Psychological Bulletin, 2009
In their recent article, N. Spillane and G. Smith suggested that reservation-dwelling American Indians have higher rates of problem drinking than do either non-American Indians or those American Indians living in nonreservation settings. These authors further argued that problematic alcohol use patterns in reservation communities are due to the…
Descriptors: American Indians, Reservation American Indians, Incidence, Alcohol Abuse
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Zucco, Gesualdo M.; Paolini, Michela; Schaal, Benoist – Learning and Motivation, 2009
The pioneering work by Kirk-Smith, Van Toller, and Dodd [Kirk-Smith, M. D., Van Toller, C., & Dodd, G. H. (1983). "Unconscious odour conditioning in human subjects." "Biological Psychology," 17, 221-231], established that an unnoticed odorant paired with an emotionally meaningful task can influence mood and attitudes when the odorant alone is…
Descriptors: Conditioning, Learning Processes, Research Methodology, Experiments
Bastedo, Michael N., Ed.; Altbach, Philip G., Ed.; Gumport, Patricia J., Ed. – Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016
First published in 1999, "American Higher Education in the Twenty First Century" offered a comprehensive introduction to the central issues facing American colleges and universities. This thoroughly revised edition brings the classic volume up to date. The contributors have rewritten every chapter to address major changes in higher…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Change, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis
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Chang, Mitchell James – Educational Researcher, 2013
In a symposium at the 2012 National Association of Diversity Officers in Higher Education annual conference, Claremont Graduate University Professor Daryl G. Smith, a pioneer in the study of diversity in postsecondary educational contexts, critiqued the disproportionate framing of diversity-related research around past, present, and future U.S.…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Opportunities, Organizational Change, Affirmative Action
Smith, Daryl G. – Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009
Daryl G. Smith's career has been devoted to studying and fostering diversity in higher education. She has witnessed and encouraged the evolution of diversity from an issue addressed sporadically on college campuses to an imperative if institutions want to succeed. In "Diversity's Promise for Higher Education", she analyzes how diversity is…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Higher Education, Change
US House of Representatives, 2009
As with their first hearing, the members focused on new innovations and best practices that will improve the workforce development system. In this hearing, the witnesses share the practices that have been most successful in their experience with the workforce investment system. Members testifying before the Committee were the Honorable Brett…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Adult Education, Lifelong Learning, Labor Force Development
Sprague, Jeffrey R.; Walker, Hill M. – Guilford Publications, 2004
A hands-on resource for practitioners, this book provides step-by-step guidance for developing a comprehensive school safety plan. Moving from needs assessment to implementation and evaluation, chapters describe research-based strategies that are readily applicable in K-12 settings. Special features include reproducible checklists and other…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, Needs Assessment, Community Resources, Bullying
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