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Redford, Joshua S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2010
Metacognition research has focused on the degree to which nonhuman primates share humans' capacity to monitor their cognitive processes. Convincing evidence now exists that monkeys can engage in metacognitive monitoring. By contrast, few studies have explored metacognitive control in monkeys, and the available evidence of metacognitive control…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Classification, Animals, Task Analysis
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Redford, Joshua S. – Psychological Record, 2010
Recently, Redford (2010) found that monkeys seemed to exert metacognitive control in a category-learning paradigm. Specifically, they selected more trials to view as the difficulty of the category-learning task increased. However, category-learning difficulty was determined by manipulating the family resemblance across the to-be-learned exemplars.…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Animals, Metacognition, Perceptual Development
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Thiede, Keith W.; Redford, Joshua S.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Self-regulated learning requires accurate monitoring and effective regulation of study. Little is known about how effectively younger readers regulate their study. Aims: We examined how decisions about which text to restudy affect overall comprehension for seventh-grade students. In addition to a "Participant's Choice"…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Study Habits, Comprehension
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Redford, Joshua S.; Thiede, Keith W.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – Learning and Instruction, 2012
Two experiments explored concept map construction as a useful intervention to improve metacomprehension accuracy among 7th grade students. In the first experiment, metacomprehension was marginally better for a concept mapping group than for a rereading group. In the second experiment, metacomprehension accuracy was significantly greater for a…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Concept Mapping, Grade 7, Metacognition
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Thiede, Keith W.; Redford, Joshua S.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
We explored whether exposure to different kinds of comprehension tests during elementary years influenced metacomprehension accuracy among 7th and 8th graders. This research was conducted in a kindergarten through 8th grade charter school with an expeditionary learning curriculum. In literacy instruction, teachers emphasize reading for meaning and…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Literacy, Reading Comprehension, Educational Experience
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Smith, J. David; Redford, Joshua S.; Haas, Sarah M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2008
The authors analyze the shape categorization of rhesus monkeys ("Macaca mulatta") and the role of prototype- and exemplar-based comparison processes in monkeys' category learning. Prototype and exemplar theories make contrasting predictions regarding performance on the Posner-Homa dot-distortion categorization task. Prototype theory--which…
Descriptors: Classification, Animals, Role, Comparative Analysis
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Smith, J. David; Redford, Joshua S.; Beran, Michael J.; Washburn, David A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2006
Although researchers are exploring animals' capacity for monitoring their states of uncertainty, the use of some paradigms allows the criticism that animals map avoidance responses to error-causing stimuli not because of uncertainty monitored but because of feedback signals and stimulus aversion. The authors addressed this criticism with an…
Descriptors: Responses, Reinforcement, Comparative Analysis, Misconceptions
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David, Smith, J.; Redford, Joshua S.; Gent, Lauren C.; Washburn, David A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2005
Categorization researchers typically present single objects to be categorized. But real-world categorization often involves object recognition within complex scenes. It is unknown how the processes of categorization stand up to visual complexity or why they fail facing it. The authors filled this research gap by blending the categorization and…
Descriptors: Classification, Recognition (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Visual Perception
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Smith, J. David; Redford, Joshua S.; Washburn, David A.; Taglialatela, Lauren A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2005
Screeners at airport security checkpoints perform an important categorization task in which they search for threat items in complex x-ray images. But little is known about how the processes of categorization stand up to visual complexity. The authors filled this research gap with screening tasks in which participants searched for members of target…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Classification, Screening Tests, Security Personnel