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Benjamin D. Jee; Bryan J. Matlen; Monica Greenlaw; Nina Simms; Dedre Gentner – Grantee Submission, 2022
Images, such as photographs and diagrams, play an important role in the teaching and learning of science. To optimize student learning, educational science images should be designed to facilitate the cognitive processes relevant to comprehension. One such process is comparison, which involves aligning multiple representations on the basis of their…
Descriptors: Science Education, Textbooks, Illustrations, Visual Aids
Sonia Q. Cabell; HyeJin Hwang – Grantee Submission, 2020
Well-established theoretical models and a body of empirical research elucidate the critical role of content knowledge in comprehending texts. However, the potential of supporting knowledge in service of enhancing linguistic and reading comprehension has been a relatively neglected topic in the science of reading. In this article, we explicate why…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Elementary School Students, Content Area Reading, English Instruction
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Simms, Nina K.; Matlen, Bryan J.; Jee, Benjamin D.; Gentner, Dedre – Grantee Submission, 2023
Visual comparisons are pervasive in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) instruction and practice. In previous work, adults' visual comparisons of simple stimuli were faster and more accurate when the layout of a display facilitated alignment of corresponding elements--the "spatial alignment principle" (Matlen et al.,…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Biological Sciences, Visual Aids, Stimuli
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Zheng, Yinyuan; Matlen, Bryan; Gentner, Dedre – Cognitive Science, 2022
Visual comparison is a key process in everyday learning and reasoning. Recent research has discovered the spatial alignment principle, based on the broader framework of structure-mapping theory in comparison. According to the spatial alignment principle, visual comparison is more efficient when the figures being compared are arranged in…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Comparative Analysis, Spatial Ability, Correlation
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Benjamin D. Jee; Bryan J. Matlen; Monica Greenlaw; Nina Simms; Dedre Gentner – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2022
Images, such as photographs and diagrams, play an important role in the teaching and learning of science. To optimize student learning, educational science images should be designed to facilitate the cognitive processes relevant to comprehension. One such process is comparison, which involves aligning multiple representations on the basis of their…
Descriptors: Science Education, Textbooks, Illustrations, Visual Aids
Matlen, Bryan J.; Gentner, Dedre; Franconeri, Steven L. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Humans have a uniquely sophisticated ability to see past superficial features and to understand the relational structure of the world around us. This ability often requires that we compare structures, finding commonalities and differences across visual depictions that are arranged in space, such as maps, graphs, or diagrams. Although such visual…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli, Teaching Methods
Yaacov Petscher; Sonia Q. Cabell; Hugh W. Catts; Donald L. Compton; Barbara R. Foorman; Sara A. Hart; Christopher J. Lonigan; Beth M. Phillips; Christopher Schatschneider; Laura M. Steacy; Nicole Patton Terry; Richard K. Wagner – Grantee Submission, 2020
The science of reading should be informed by an evolving evidence base built upon the scientific method. Decades of basic research and randomized controlled trials of interventions and instructional routines have formed a substantial evidence base to guide best practices in reading instruction, reading intervention, and the early identification of…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Evidence Based Practice, Reading Instruction, Best Practices