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Shen, Jianping; Gao, Xingyuan; Xia, Jiangang – Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 2017
The notion of schools as "loosely coupled" organizations has been widely discussed in the research literature. Many argue it is either a protective mechanism for schools to buffer external pressure or a barrier for implementing new reforms. Against the backdrop of systemic change and accountability, we applied a two-level hierarchical…
Descriptors: Schools, Educational Change, Accountability, Hierarchical Linear Modeling