ERIC Number: EJ1096687
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Otitis Media and Related Complications among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Adams, Daniel J.; Susi, Apryl; Erdie-Lalena, Christine R.; Gorman, Gregory; Hisle-Gorman, Elizabeth; Rajnik, Michael; Elrod, Marilisa; Nylund, Cade M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n5 p1636-1642 May 2016
Acute otitis media (AOM) symptoms can be masked by communication deficits, common to children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We sought to evaluate the association between ASD and otitis media. Using ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes, we performed a retrospective case-cohort study comparing AOM, and otitis-related diagnoses among children with and without ASD. Children with ASD had a significantly increased rate of AOM, otitis media with effusion, otorrhea, and PE tube placement. Children with ASD were more than twice as likely to develop mastoiditis, and to undergo mastoidectomy and tympanoplasty. Children with ASD are more likely to have middle ear infections and otitis-related complications, highlighting the importance of routine middle ear examinations and close attention to hearing impairment in this population.
Descriptors: Child Health, Chronic Illness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Clinical Diagnosis, At Risk Persons, Comorbidity, Hearing Impairments, Communication Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A