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Definitely Not Just Another Computer Anxiety Instrument: The Development and Validation of CALM: Computer Anxiety and Learning Measure.
McInerney, Valentina; And Others – 1994
This research emerged from an effort to develop a theory of computer anxiety relevant to beginning adult learners in a range of university disciplines. To this end, the first step was to design and refine an instrument which was reliable and valid for this population. The development of the "a priori" model of computer anxiety used in this study…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Attitude Measures, Computer Anxiety, Computer Science Education
Computer Anxiety and Student Teachers: Interrelationships between Computer Anxiety, Demographic Variables and an Intervention Strategy.
McInerney, Valentina; And Others – 1990
This study examined the effects of increased computing experience on the computer anxiety of 101 first year preservice teacher education students at a regional university in Australia. Three instruments measuring computer anxiety and attitudes--the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale (CARS), Attitudes Towards Computers Scale (ATCS), and Computer…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Coeducation, Computer Literacy, Computer Science Education