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Cognitive and Motivational Determinants of Students' Academic Performance and Achievement: Goals, Strategies, and Academic Outcomes in Focus.
Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
The relationships between middle school students' multiple motivational goal orientations and their use of multiple cognitive and metacognitive strategies were studied with a focus on relations between these motivational and cognitive variables and students' academic achievement in two curriculum areas. Participants were 602 middle school students…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries
Age, Gender, Cultural, and Socioeconomic Differences in Students' Academic Motivation, Cognition, and Achievement.
Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
Age, gender, cultural, and socioeconomic differences in relations between middle school students' motivational goal orientations, their cognitive and metacognitive strategies, and their academic achievement in a variety of curriculum domains were studied. Studies to date typically have used either cognitive or motivational variables to account for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Cultural Differences
Achievement Goal Theory and Indigenous Minority School Motivation: The Importance of a Multiple Goal Perspective.
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1994
Research at the classroom and school levels suggests that children from many indigenous cultural communities appear to be at a particular disadvantage with regard to academic achievement and school retention. This paper reports on a continuing study with Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children investigating the relevance and applicability…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cultural Differences, Dropouts
The Relevance and Application of Goal Theory to Interpreting Indigenous Minority Group Motivation and Achievement in School Settings.
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1995
The goal theory of achievement argues that the goals stressed by schools have dramatic consequences for whether children develop a sense of self-efficacy, or whether they avoid challenging tasks, giving up when faced with failure. It is commonly believed that the goals stressed by Western-oriented schools are inappropriate to indigenous minority…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Relevance
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Whether goals held by students from diverse cultural backgrounds differ and the relationship of these goals to school motivation and achievement were studied with 2,156 Australian (Anglo, immigrant, and Aboriginal), 529 Navajo, and 198 Canadian Montagnais Betsiamite Indian secondary school students. Cross cultural and educational implications are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness
McInerney, Dennis M.; Young, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Valentina – 2000
This research examined the multidimensionality of achievement goals and their hierarchical relations in a sample of 939 students from 6 high schools in New South Wales, Australia. The first year of the study these students completed a survey instrument on school motivation, the Inventory of School Motivation. There will be follow-up for 3 years.…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools
Students' Perceived Support from Teachers: Impacts on Academic Achievement, Interest in Schoolwork, Attendance, and Self-Esteem.
Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1999
U.S. junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 (N=226) responded to survey items on their self-esteem and interest in schoolwork, their personal expectancy of completing high school, and perceived support from their teachers, parents, and peers for this expectancy. Their grade point average (GPA) and attendance data were obtained from school…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Attendance, Expectation
McInerney, Dennis M.; Swisher, Karen Gayton – Journal of American Indian Education, 1995
Over 500 Navajo high school students completed the Inventory of School Motivation, based on the personal investment model of motivation. Results suggest that the model's most salient elements for this group were sense-of-self components and one task component, striving for excellence. Combinations of variables were useful in predicting student…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, American Indian Education, Attitude Measures, Cultural Relevance
McInerney, Dennis M.; Sinclair, Kenneth E. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Examines M. L. Maehr's Personal Investment Model of motivation. Presents evidence for the usefulness of the theoretical framework and the validity of the Inventory of School Motivation, based on the theory, using data for 2,152 high school students from aboriginal (n=492), migrant (n=487), and Anglo (n=1,173) backgrounds in Australia. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Theories
Teacher Attitudes to, and Beliefs about, Multicultural Education: Have There Been Changes over the Last Twenty Years?
McInerney, Valentina; McInerney, Dennis M.; Cincotta, Madeleine; Totaro, Paolo; Williams, Debra – 2001
This study compared Australian teachers' attitudes toward multicultural education in 2000 with their attitudes in 1979, focusing on: fostering community language maintenance, fostering cultural identity and prestige maintenance, and fostering the benefits of multiculturalism within the community. Participating schools included: those which had…
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Cultural Differences, Cultural Pluralism, Diversity (Student)
Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Dennis M.; Russel-Bowie, Deirdre – 1999
Australian university students attending a 3-year teacher education program (N=329) responded to self-concept items in four Creative Arts domains: music, visual art, dance, and drama. Their responses were then related to their attitudes toward teaching these subjects. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that self-concept in each domain was…
Descriptors: Art Education, Creative Art, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
The Designing of the Computer Anxiety and Learning Measure (CALM): Validation of Scores on a Multidimensional Measure of Anxiety and Cognitions Relating to Adult Learning of Computing Skills Using Structural Equation Modeling.
McInerney, Valentina; Marsh, Herbert W.; McInerney, Dennis M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1999
Developed a multidimensional measure of affect and cognition in relation to adult learning of computing skills, the Computer Anxiety and Learning Measure (CALM). Results from 794 Australian undergraduates support the validity and reliability of the CALM with this population, although whether the measure is invariant across different adult…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Cognitive Processes, Computer Anxiety, Computer Literacy
Personal Development, Health and Physical Education in Cultural Context: Perspectives of Arabic and Non-Arabic Speaking Background Year Nine Students in Four Western Sydney High Schools.
McInerney, Dennis M.; Davidson, Neil; Suliman, Rosemary; Tremayne, Bob – 1998
This study focuses on problems that students from predominantly Muslim backgrounds had in completing practical components of tertiary Personal Development, Health, and Physical Education (PDHPE) courses in Australian schools. The research investigated the PDHPE programs in western Sydney high schools with high Arabic speaking populations. The…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences
Parents, Peers, Cultural Values and School Processes: What Has Most Influence on Motivating Indigenous Minority Students' School Achievement? A Qualitative Study. Study 1 - Competition.
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina; Bazeley, Pat; Ardington, Angela – 1998
This paper describes research into the nature of the achievement goals and values held by students from Window Rock High School on the Navajo Reservation (Arizona). It examines the compatibility of these student-held goals and values with goals and values promoted by classrooms and schools, and the impact individual, family, peer, class, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indians, Competition
The Designing of CALM (Computer Anxiety and Learning Measure): Validation of a Multidimensional Measure of Anxiety and Cognitions Relating to Adult Learning of Computing Skills Using Structural Equation Modeling.
McInerney, Valentina; Marsh, Herbert W.; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper discusses the process through which a powerful multidimensional measure of affect and cognition in relation to adult learning of computing skills was derived from its early theoretical stages to its validation using structural equation modeling. The discussion emphasizes the importance of ensuring a strong substantive base from which to…
Descriptors: Adults, Cognitive Processes, Computer Anxiety, Computer Literacy