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Van Etten, Shawn; Pressley, Michael; McInerney, Dennis M.; Liem, Arief Darmanegara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2008
College seniors participated in an ethnographic interview study about their academic motivations. It was found that grades and graduation are 2 primary distal target goals that motivate their academic efforts during the senior year. A variety of proximal factors were also reported to affect the seniors' motivation. These factors can be divided…
Descriptors: College Seniors, Student Motivation, Interviews, Ethnography
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Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M.; Nelson, Genevieve F. – Educational Psychology, 2006
It is widely postulated that school context characteristics and sex may influence students' motivational orientations. However, relatively little empirical evidence exists to support this postulate. Hence the present study sought to examine both the individual and interactive effects of school and sex differences on students' motivational goals.…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Gender Differences, Educational Environment, School Culture
McInerney, Dennis M. – 2001
An individual's school motivation and achievement are products of a complex set of interacting motivational goals, sense of self, and self-concept variables. Motivational goals may be differentially salient to individuals from different cultural backgrounds; and sense of self, including academic self-concept, may vary across cultural groups. This…
Descriptors: Aboriginal Australians, Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need
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Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2001
Identifies and describes the psychological parameters of middle school students' social and work avoidance goals. Describes in detail the structure of students' work avoidance, social affiliation, social responsibility, and social concern goals. Results suggest that a range of social goal orientations are important and adaptive to students'…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Learning Motivation, Middle School Students, Middle Schools
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McInerney, Dennis M. – Australian Journal of Education, 1991
A study in 12 New South Wales (Australia) high schools investigated differences in motivation for Aboriginal (n=496), migrant (n=487), and Anglo (n=1172) students. A consistent picture of the urban Aboriginal child emerged, and key variables in his decision making (self-reliance, confidence, and goal direction) were identified as well as…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Dropout Prevention, Educational Change
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – 1996
School motivation and achievement for an individual is the product of a complex set of interacting goals, goals which may be more or less significant to individuals from different cultural backgrounds. This paper describes a project which examines the nature of goals held by students from different cultural groups, the compatibility of these goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Hinkley, John; Dowson, Martin; Van Etten, Shawn – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1998
Discusses a study in which the similarities and differences between Aboriginal Australian, Anglo Australian, and immigrant Australian students' learning-goal orientations were measured. Previous research posits that children embrace different learning goals according to their culture. In contrast, findings indicate that the profiles of all…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Cultural Influences, Educational Psychology