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Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Martin, Andrew J.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Yeung, Alexander S. – American Educational Research Journal, 2013
The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) was evaluated with 4,461 seventh to ninth graders in Singapore where a national policy of ability streaming is implemented. Consistent with the BFLPE, when prior achievement was controlled, students in the high-ability stream had lower English and mathematics self-concepts (ESCs and MSCs) and those in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Concept, Student Attitudes, Positive Attitudes
McInerney, Dennis M. – 2001
An individual's school motivation and achievement are products of a complex set of interacting motivational goals, sense of self, and self-concept variables. Motivational goals may be differentially salient to individuals from different cultural backgrounds; and sense of self, including academic self-concept, may vary across cultural groups. This…
Descriptors: Aboriginal Australians, Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1994
This paper reports on a continuing study of Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children. The study investigates the relevance and applicability of goal theory to explaining indigenous minority motivation in school settings. Task, ego social solidarity, and extrinsic goal structures were examined as a means of explaining and predicting…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Dropouts, Foreign Countries
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McInerney, Dennis M. – Australian Journal of Education, 1991
A study in 12 New South Wales (Australia) high schools investigated differences in motivation for Aboriginal (n=496), migrant (n=487), and Anglo (n=1172) students. A consistent picture of the urban Aboriginal child emerged, and key variables in his decision making (self-reliance, confidence, and goal direction) were identified as well as…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Comparative Analysis, Dropout Prevention, Educational Change
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – 1996
School motivation and achievement for an individual is the product of a complex set of interacting goals, goals which may be more or less significant to individuals from different cultural backgrounds. This paper describes a project which examines the nature of goals held by students from different cultural groups, the compatibility of these goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1997
The goal theory of achievement motivation establishes that goals stressed by schools dramatically affect whether children develop a success orientation or give up when faced with failure. This paper examines how Australian children from diverse cultural backgrounds view achievement and success in the classroom. A questionnaire derived from the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1994
Research at the classroom and school levels suggests that children from many indigenous cultural communities appear to be at a particular disadvantage with regard to academic achievement and school retention. This paper reports on a continuing study with Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children investigating the relevance and applicability…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cultural Differences, Dropouts
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1995
The goal theory of achievement argues that the goals stressed by schools have dramatic consequences for whether children develop a sense of self-efficacy, or whether they avoid challenging tasks, giving up when faced with failure. It is commonly believed that the goals stressed by Western-oriented schools are inappropriate to indigenous minority…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Relevance
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McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Whether goals held by students from diverse cultural backgrounds differ and the relationship of these goals to school motivation and achievement were studied with 2,156 Australian (Anglo, immigrant, and Aboriginal), 529 Navajo, and 198 Canadian Montagnais Betsiamite Indian secondary school students. Cross cultural and educational implications are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Sinclair, Kenneth E. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Examines M. L. Maehr's Personal Investment Model of motivation. Presents evidence for the usefulness of the theoretical framework and the validity of the Inventory of School Motivation, based on the theory, using data for 2,152 high school students from aboriginal (n=492), migrant (n=487), and Anglo (n=1,173) backgrounds in Australia. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Theories
McInerney, Dennis M.; Davidson, Neil; Suliman, Rosemary; Tremayne, Bob – 1998
This study focuses on problems that students from predominantly Muslim backgrounds had in completing practical components of tertiary Personal Development, Health, and Physical Education (PDHPE) courses in Australian schools. The research investigated the PDHPE programs in western Sydney high schools with high Arabic speaking populations. The…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina; Bazeley, Pat; Ardington, Angela – 1998
This paper describes research into the nature of the achievement goals and values held by students from Window Rock High School on the Navajo Reservation (Arizona). It examines the compatibility of these student-held goals and values with goals and values promoted by classrooms and schools, and the impact individual, family, peer, class, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indians, Competition