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Ali, Jinnat; McInerney, Dennis M.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; King, Ronnel B. – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The authors examined the relations between two socially oriented dimensions of student motivation and academic achievement of Native (Navajo) American and Anglo American students. Using confirmatory factor analysis, a multidimensional and hierarchical model was found to explain the relations between performance and social goals. Four first-order…
Descriptors: Correlation, White Students, Navajo (Nation), American Indian Students
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2002
This paper draws on the stereotype threat hypothesis and social identity theory to examine the influence of positive and negative ability beliefs on Navajo students' achievement goals. Data were collected on 829 Navajo students in two reservation high schools. The results support the notion that Navajo students hold both positive and negative…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indian Students, Ethnic Stereotypes
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1994
This paper reports on a continuing study of Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children. The study investigates the relevance and applicability of goal theory to explaining indigenous minority motivation in school settings. Task, ego social solidarity, and extrinsic goal structures were examined as a means of explaining and predicting…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Dropouts, Foreign Countries
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2001
One reason proposed for the persistent school underachievement of Navajo students is that school culture is based largely on individualism, interpersonal competition, and other Western norms and values that may be an anathema to Native Americans. Hence, school culture may predispose them to failure. Drawing on Western concepts of achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need, American Indians
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Valentina – Journal of Applied Measurement, 2001
Validated the Motivation Orientation scales of the Inventory of School Motivation (ISM) (M. Maher, 1984) across Navajo (n=760) and Anglo (n=1,012) students. Findings show that even though the ISM motivation orientation scales are applicable to students of different cultural backgrounds, meaningful cross-cultural comparisons should use the 30 items…
Descriptors: American Indians, Anglo Americans, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – 1996
School motivation and achievement for an individual is the product of a complex set of interacting goals, goals which may be more or less significant to individuals from different cultural backgrounds. This paper describes a project which examines the nature of goals held by students from different cultural groups, the compatibility of these goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1997
The goal theory of achievement motivation maintains that the goals stressed by schools influence children's self-efficacy and willingness to try hard. This paper examines the applicability of goal theory to a Navajo school and community and widens the focus to encompass a range of potential culturally relevant goals. Interviews were conducted at…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Competition, Cultural Relevance, Educational Attitudes
Hinkley, John; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
Indigenous minority children within many multiracial communities appear to suffer educational disadvantage reflected through poor school retention and school achievement. As part of an on-going research program aimed at understanding students' motivation and school achievement this paper examines the relations and effects of parental and teacher…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Disadvantaged Youth, Indigenous Populations
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1994
Research at the classroom and school levels suggests that children from many indigenous cultural communities appear to be at a particular disadvantage with regard to academic achievement and school retention. This paper reports on a continuing study with Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children investigating the relevance and applicability…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cultural Differences, Dropouts
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1995
The goal theory of achievement argues that the goals stressed by schools have dramatic consequences for whether children develop a sense of self-efficacy, or whether they avoid challenging tasks, giving up when faced with failure. It is commonly believed that the goals stressed by Western-oriented schools are inappropriate to indigenous minority…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Relevance
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McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Whether goals held by students from diverse cultural backgrounds differ and the relationship of these goals to school motivation and achievement were studied with 2,156 Australian (Anglo, immigrant, and Aboriginal), 529 Navajo, and 198 Canadian Montagnais Betsiamite Indian secondary school students. Cross cultural and educational implications are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Swisher, Karen Gayton – Journal of American Indian Education, 1995
Over 500 Navajo high school students completed the Inventory of School Motivation, based on the personal investment model of motivation. Results suggest that the model's most salient elements for this group were sense-of-self components and one task component, striving for excellence. Combinations of variables were useful in predicting student…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, American Indian Education, Attitude Measures, Cultural Relevance
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina; Bazeley, Pat; Ardington, Angela – 1998
This paper describes research into the nature of the achievement goals and values held by students from Window Rock High School on the Navajo Reservation (Arizona). It examines the compatibility of these student-held goals and values with goals and values promoted by classrooms and schools, and the impact individual, family, peer, class, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indians, Competition