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McInerney, Dennis M.; Ali, Jinnat – Educational Psychology, 2006
This study examines the multidimensional and hierarchical structure of achievement goal orientation measured by the Inventory of School Motivation. The instrument consists of eight different scales with 43 survey items (ranging from three to seven items each). Each scale reflects one of eight specific dimensions: task, effort, competition, social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Goal Orientation, Student Motivation, Cross Cultural Studies
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2002
This paper draws on the stereotype threat hypothesis and social identity theory to examine the influence of positive and negative ability beliefs on Navajo students' achievement goals. Data were collected on 829 Navajo students in two reservation high schools. The results support the notion that Navajo students hold both positive and negative…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indian Students, Ethnic Stereotypes
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper reports on a series of studies that examine the multidimensional nature of achievement motivation across a number of cultural groups, the determinants of this achievement motivation, and the relationship of achievement motivation to criteria of school success, such as attendance, retention, achievement, further education, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper presents an overview of 15 years of international study designed to determine the nature of motivational beliefs, values and goals held by students from different cultural groups, the comparability of these beliefs, values, and goals with those promoted by classrooms and schools, and the impact individual, cultural/social, peer, family,…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Achievement Need, American Indians, Beliefs
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2001
One reason proposed for the persistent school underachievement of Navajo students is that school culture is based largely on individualism, interpersonal competition, and other Western norms and values that may be an anathema to Native Americans. Hence, school culture may predispose them to failure. Drawing on Western concepts of achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need, American Indians
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1997
The goal theory of achievement motivation maintains that the goals stressed by schools influence children's self-efficacy and willingness to try hard. This paper examines the applicability of goal theory to a Navajo school and community and widens the focus to encompass a range of potential culturally relevant goals. Interviews were conducted at…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Competition, Cultural Relevance, Educational Attitudes
McInerney, Dennis M.; Young, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Valentina – 2000
This research examined the multidimensionality of achievement goals and their hierarchical relations in a sample of 939 students from 6 high schools in New South Wales, Australia. The first year of the study these students completed a survey instrument on school motivation, the Inventory of School Motivation. There will be follow-up for 3 years.…
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Foreign Countries, High School Students, High Schools
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Swisher, Karen Gayton – Journal of American Indian Education, 1995
Over 500 Navajo high school students completed the Inventory of School Motivation, based on the personal investment model of motivation. Results suggest that the model's most salient elements for this group were sense-of-self components and one task component, striving for excellence. Combinations of variables were useful in predicting student…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, American Indian Education, Attitude Measures, Cultural Relevance
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Hinkley, John; Dowson, Martin; Van Etten, Shawn – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1998
Discusses a study in which the similarities and differences between Aboriginal Australian, Anglo Australian, and immigrant Australian students' learning-goal orientations were measured. Previous research posits that children embrace different learning goals according to their culture. In contrast, findings indicate that the profiles of all…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Cultural Influences, Educational Psychology