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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Nasser, Ramzi – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2017
Goals are important predictors of key educational outcomes. However, most of the research on goal theory has been conducted in Western societies. In this study we examine how different types of goals (mastery, performance, social, and extrinsic) derived from personal investment theory are associated with key learning outcomes across nine cultural…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Predictor Variables, Theories, Cultural Differences
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Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Dennis M.; Ali, Jinnat – Educational Psychology, 2014
Students' motivation is known to be influenced by both internally referenced and externally referenced factors. Internally referenced factors include self-processes (sense of competence and affect), whereas externally referenced factors include significant others (parents, peers and teachers). Using the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire, the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Asians, Student Motivation, White Students
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McInerney, Dennis M. – Educational Psychology Review, 2004
A growing area of research in educational psychology is future time perspective and its relationship to desired educational outcomes. This article discusses and critiques five reviews of current research on future time perspective. Key questions addressed are when do individuals begin to articulate a future, how far into the future does this…
Descriptors: Time Perspective, Futures (of Society), Educational Psychology, Outcomes of Education
McInerney, Dennis M. – 2001
An individual's school motivation and achievement are products of a complex set of interacting motivational goals, sense of self, and self-concept variables. Motivational goals may be differentially salient to individuals from different cultural backgrounds; and sense of self, including academic self-concept, may vary across cultural groups. This…
Descriptors: Aboriginal Australians, Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper presents an overview of 15 years of international study designed to determine the nature of motivational beliefs, values and goals held by students from different cultural groups, the comparability of these beliefs, values, and goals with those promoted by classrooms and schools, and the impact individual, cultural/social, peer, family,…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Achievement Need, American Indians, Beliefs
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2001
One reason proposed for the persistent school underachievement of Navajo students is that school culture is based largely on individualism, interpersonal competition, and other Western norms and values that may be an anathema to Native Americans. Hence, school culture may predispose them to failure. Drawing on Western concepts of achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need, American Indians
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McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – Clearing House, 1998
Finds the motivational profiles of five groups of students (three indigenous minority groups and two nonindigenous groups) rather than being significantly different, had much in common. Notes that important predictors of a range of school achievement criteria were goals relating to students' self-esteem at school, sense of purpose, striving for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Elementary Secondary Education, Indigenous Populations
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – 1996
School motivation and achievement for an individual is the product of a complex set of interacting goals, goals which may be more or less significant to individuals from different cultural backgrounds. This paper describes a project which examines the nature of goals held by students from different cultural groups, the compatibility of these goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1997
The goal theory of achievement motivation establishes that goals stressed by schools dramatically affect whether children develop a success orientation or give up when faced with failure. This paper examines how Australian children from diverse cultural backgrounds view achievement and success in the classroom. A questionnaire derived from the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries
Hinkley, John; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
Indigenous minority children within many multiracial communities appear to suffer educational disadvantage reflected through poor school retention and school achievement. As part of an on-going research program aimed at understanding students' motivation and school achievement this paper examines the relations and effects of parental and teacher…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Disadvantaged Youth, Indigenous Populations
Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
Age, gender, cultural, and socioeconomic differences in relations between middle school students' motivational goal orientations, their cognitive and metacognitive strategies, and their academic achievement in a variety of curriculum domains were studied. Studies to date typically have used either cognitive or motivational variables to account for…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes, Cultural Differences
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1994
Research at the classroom and school levels suggests that children from many indigenous cultural communities appear to be at a particular disadvantage with regard to academic achievement and school retention. This paper reports on a continuing study with Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children investigating the relevance and applicability…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cultural Differences, Dropouts
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1995
The goal theory of achievement argues that the goals stressed by schools have dramatic consequences for whether children develop a sense of self-efficacy, or whether they avoid challenging tasks, giving up when faced with failure. It is commonly believed that the goals stressed by Western-oriented schools are inappropriate to indigenous minority…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Cultural Relevance
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McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1997
Whether goals held by students from diverse cultural backgrounds differ and the relationship of these goals to school motivation and achievement were studied with 2,156 Australian (Anglo, immigrant, and Aboriginal), 529 Navajo, and 198 Canadian Montagnais Betsiamite Indian secondary school students. Cross cultural and educational implications are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness
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McInerney, Dennis M.; Sinclair, Kenneth E. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1992
Examines M. L. Maehr's Personal Investment Model of motivation. Presents evidence for the usefulness of the theoretical framework and the validity of the Inventory of School Motivation, based on the theory, using data for 2,152 high school students from aboriginal (n=492), migrant (n=487), and Anglo (n=1,173) backgrounds in Australia. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Theories
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