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McInerney, Dennis M. – 2001
An individual's school motivation and achievement are products of a complex set of interacting motivational goals, sense of self, and self-concept variables. Motivational goals may be differentially salient to individuals from different cultural backgrounds; and sense of self, including academic self-concept, may vary across cultural groups. This…
Descriptors: Aboriginal Australians, Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – 2000
The goals and values students hold, how these are related to school motivation and achievement, and how these goals develop and change over a period of years in the context of cultural background, family, society, and school was studied with Native American and Anglo American students from a middle and high school in Phoenix, Arizona. Participants…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Anglo Americans, Cultural Background
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2002
This paper draws on the stereotype threat hypothesis and social identity theory to examine the influence of positive and negative ability beliefs on Navajo students' achievement goals. Data were collected on 829 Navajo students in two reservation high schools. The results support the notion that Navajo students hold both positive and negative…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indian Students, Ethnic Stereotypes
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper reports on a series of studies that examine the multidimensional nature of achievement motivation across a number of cultural groups, the determinants of this achievement motivation, and the relationship of achievement motivation to criteria of school success, such as attendance, retention, achievement, further education, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, American Indians, Cross Cultural Studies
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper presents an overview of 15 years of international study designed to determine the nature of motivational beliefs, values and goals held by students from different cultural groups, the comparability of these beliefs, values, and goals with those promoted by classrooms and schools, and the impact individual, cultural/social, peer, family,…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Achievement Need, American Indians, Beliefs
McInerney, Dennis M. – 1994
This paper reports on a continuing study of Australian Aboriginal and Navajo Indian children. The study investigates the relevance and applicability of goal theory to explaining indigenous minority motivation in school settings. Task, ego social solidarity, and extrinsic goal structures were examined as a means of explaining and predicting…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, American Indians, Dropouts, Foreign Countries
Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Dennis M. – 2000
Primary and high school students (277 in grades 5-6; 615 in grades 7-12) in the United States (47 percent boys) responded to 26 items of the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ). Results indicate 7 distinct FCQ factors: perceived value of schooling; affect toward schooling; peer positive academic climate (Peer Positive); encouragement from…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Motivation Techniques, Public Schools
Hinkley, John W.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Marsh, Herbert W. – 2001
One reason proposed for the persistent school underachievement of Navajo students is that school culture is based largely on individualism, interpersonal competition, and other Western norms and values that may be an anathema to Native Americans. Hence, school culture may predispose them to failure. Drawing on Western concepts of achievement…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Achievement Need, American Indians
Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1997
Students' goals (motives) for their schooling have been the focus of much recent research and have been shown to significantly influence important aspects of their cognitive engagement and academic achievement. This paper presents the results of a qualitative investigation into the nature and characteristics of students' social and academic goals,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education
McInerney, Dennis M.; McInerney, Valentina – 1996
School motivation and achievement for an individual is the product of a complex set of interacting goals, goals which may be more or less significant to individuals from different cultural backgrounds. This paper describes a project which examines the nature of goals held by students from different cultural groups, the compatibility of these goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1997
The goal theory of achievement motivation maintains that the goals stressed by schools influence children's self-efficacy and willingness to try hard. This paper examines the applicability of goal theory to a Navajo school and community and widens the focus to encompass a range of potential culturally relevant goals. Interviews were conducted at…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Competition, Cultural Relevance, Educational Attitudes
McInerney, Dennis M.; And Others – 1997
The goal theory of achievement motivation establishes that goals stressed by schools dramatically affect whether children develop a success orientation or give up when faced with failure. This paper examines how Australian children from diverse cultural backgrounds view achievement and success in the classroom. A questionnaire derived from the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries
Dowson, Martin; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1997
This paper outlines the development of a quantitative instrument designed to measure students' multiple achievement goals and key aspects of their cognitive engagement in Australian educational settings. The paper demonstrates the use of congeneric measurement models in assessing and improving the validity of the scales comprising the Goal…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Cognitive Processes, Educational Objectives
McInerney, Valentina; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
This paper presents a model of how multimethod approaches to research can be used to understand and measure individual diversity in learning, cognitions, and affect. The paper demonstrates the value of gathering qualitative data to supplement quantitative findings from quasi-experimental research in relation to achievement outcomes, acquiring a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Students, Computer Anxiety, Diversity (Student)
Hinkley, John; McInerney, Dennis M. – 1998
Indigenous minority children within many multiracial communities appear to suffer educational disadvantage reflected through poor school retention and school achievement. As part of an on-going research program aimed at understanding students' motivation and school achievement this paper examines the relations and effects of parental and teacher…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Differences, Disadvantaged Youth, Indigenous Populations
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