ERIC Number: EJ1033103
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Culture's Consequences on Student Motivation: Capturing Cross-Cultural Universality and Variability through Personal Investment Theory
King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M.
Educational Psychologist, v49 n3 p175-198 2014
Culture influences basic motivational processes; however, Western theories of achievement motivation seem to have neglected the role of culture. They are inadequate when trying to explain student motivation and engagement across a wide range of cultural groups because they may not have the conceptual tools needed to handle culturally relevant information. Personal investment (PI) theory is proposed as a viable alternative that could be used across diverse cultural contexts. It designates three components of meaning: sense of self, perceived goals, and facilitating conditions as central to understanding investment in the educational enterprise. Moreover, it is an integrative framework that can shed light on both etic (culturally universal) and emic (culturally specific) dimensions of student motivation. Studies utilizing PI theory are reviewed revealing interesting etic and emic findings. Implications for cross-cultural research in educational psychology are discussed.
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Cultural Influences, Educational Theories, Educational Psychology, Religious Factors, Regional Characteristics, Socioeconomic Status, Foreign Countries, Factor Structure, Research Methodology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Hong Kong; Malawi; Philippines; South Africa; Zambia