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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Goal theory research has mostly focused on the unidirectional effects of goals on learning strategies and academic achievement. Reciprocal relationships have mostly been neglected. Aims: The primary aim of this study was to examine the reciprocal relations and causal ordering of mastery goals, metacognitive strategy use, and academic…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Nasser, Ramzi – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2017
Goals are important predictors of key educational outcomes. However, most of the research on goal theory has been conducted in Western societies. In this study we examine how different types of goals (mastery, performance, social, and extrinsic) derived from personal investment theory are associated with key learning outcomes across nine cultural…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Predictor Variables, Theories, Cultural Differences