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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Goal theory research has mostly focused on the unidirectional effects of goals on learning strategies and academic achievement. Reciprocal relationships have mostly been neglected. Aims: The primary aim of this study was to examine the reciprocal relations and causal ordering of mastery goals, metacognitive strategy use, and academic…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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Litalien, David; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; McInerney, Dennis M. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Achievement goal theory has long been a dominant model in the study of student motivation. However, a relatively small number of researchers have investigated gender differences in achievement goals or have considered the possible role that social and extrinsic goals may play in student academic motivation. Adopting a person-centered multiple…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Gender Differences, Goal Orientation, Achievement
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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Nasser, Ramzi – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2017
Goals are important predictors of key educational outcomes. However, most of the research on goal theory has been conducted in Western societies. In this study we examine how different types of goals (mastery, performance, social, and extrinsic) derived from personal investment theory are associated with key learning outcomes across nine cultural…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Predictor Variables, Theories, Cultural Differences
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Martin, Andrew J.; Collie, Rebecca J.; Mok, Magdalena M. C.; McInerney, Dennis M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Prior cross-cultural research with students in different national contexts (Australia and China) has shown consistency in the extent to which individual personal best (PB) goals are associated with engagement at school. Aims: This study extends this work to a multicultural context, assessing perceived PB goal structure in school and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Comparative Education, Learner Engagement