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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Goal theory research has mostly focused on the unidirectional effects of goals on learning strategies and academic achievement. Reciprocal relationships have mostly been neglected. Aims: The primary aim of this study was to examine the reciprocal relations and causal ordering of mastery goals, metacognitive strategy use, and academic…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement, Mastery Learning
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Litalien, David; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; McInerney, Dennis M. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Achievement goal theory has long been a dominant model in the study of student motivation. However, a relatively small number of researchers have investigated gender differences in achievement goals or have considered the possible role that social and extrinsic goals may play in student academic motivation. Adopting a person-centered multiple…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Gender Differences, Goal Orientation, Achievement
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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Nasser, Ramzi – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2017
Goals are important predictors of key educational outcomes. However, most of the research on goal theory has been conducted in Western societies. In this study we examine how different types of goals (mastery, performance, social, and extrinsic) derived from personal investment theory are associated with key learning outcomes across nine cultural…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Predictor Variables, Theories, Cultural Differences
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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M. – Educational Psychologist, 2014
Culture influences basic motivational processes; however, Western theories of achievement motivation seem to have neglected the role of culture. They are inadequate when trying to explain student motivation and engagement across a wide range of cultural groups because they may not have the conceptual tools needed to handle culturally relevant…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Cultural Influences, Educational Theories, Educational Psychology
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King, Ronnel B.; McInerney, Dennis M. – Educational Psychology, 2014
The aims of this study were to examine changes in students' English and math self-concepts and to investigate the effects of gender and school ability level on these changes. Self-concept in English and math were measured thrice across three years among a sample of 2618 secondary school students from Hong Kong. Gender and school ability level were…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Gender Differences
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Liem, Gregory Arief D.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Yeung, Alexander S. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2015
The study examined the relations between academic achievement and self-concepts in a sample of 1,067 seventh-grade students from 3 core ability streams in Singapore secondary education. Although between-stream differences in achievement were large, between-stream differences in academic self-concepts were negligible. Within each stream, levels of…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students
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Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Dennis M.; Ali, Jinnat – Educational Psychology, 2014
Students' motivation is known to be influenced by both internally referenced and externally referenced factors. Internally referenced factors include self-processes (sense of competence and affect), whereas externally referenced factors include significant others (parents, peers and teachers). Using the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire, the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Asians, Student Motivation, White Students
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Martin, Andrew J.; Collie, Rebecca J.; Mok, Magdalena M. C.; McInerney, Dennis M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Prior cross-cultural research with students in different national contexts (Australia and China) has shown consistency in the extent to which individual personal best (PB) goals are associated with engagement at school. Aims: This study extends this work to a multicultural context, assessing perceived PB goal structure in school and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Comparative Education, Learner Engagement
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Mok, Magdalena M. C.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Zhu, Jinxin; Or, Anthony – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Background: A number of methods to investigate growth have been reported in the literature, including hierarchical linear modelling (HLM), latent growth modelling (LGM), and multidimensional scaling applied to longitudinal profile analysis (LPAMS). Aims: This study aimed at modelling the mathematics growth of students over a span of 6¬†years from…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 3
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Allen, Kelly A.; Ryan, Tracii; Gray, DeLeon L.; McInerney, Dennis M.; Waters, Lea – Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 2014
As social media use is rising among adolescents, the issue of whether this use leads to positive or negative outcomes warrants greater understanding. This article critically reviews the literature related to this important topic. Specifically, we examine how social media use affects social connectedness in terms of three elements of adolescent…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Mass Media Use, Social Capital
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Herbert, Jeannie; McInerney, Dennis M.; Fasoli, Lyn; Stephenson, Peter; Ford, Lysbeth – Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 2014
This article reports on the findings of an Australian Research Council (ARC) funded research project, "Building the future for Indigenous students", an investigation of the hopes and dreams for the future of over 1,000 secondary students, 733 of whom were Indigenous, living in very remote, remote, and urban locations in the Northern…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Minority Group Students, Qualitative Research
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Ali, Jinnat; McInerney, Dennis M.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; King, Ronnel B. – Journal of Educational Research, 2014
The authors examined the relations between two socially oriented dimensions of student motivation and academic achievement of Native (Navajo) American and Anglo American students. Using confirmatory factor analysis, a multidimensional and hierarchical model was found to explain the relations between performance and social goals. Four first-order…
Descriptors: Correlation, White Students, Navajo (Nation), American Indian Students
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Cheng, Rebecca Wing-yi; McInerney, Dennis M.; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching – Educational Psychology, 2014
The big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) posits that students with the same ability will have higher academic self-concepts when they are in low-ability classes than in high-ability classes. Our research puts the BFLPE under scrutiny by examining goal orientations as the moderators that may affect the size of the BFLPE. We collected data on…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Self Concept
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Magson, Natasha R.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Nelson, Genevieve F.; Yeung, Alexander S.; Bodkin-Andrews, Gawaian H.; McInerney, Dennis M. – Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 2014
This research explored gender and cross-cultural similarities and differences in the motivational profiles of Indigenous Papua New Guinean (PNG) and Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Secondary students (N = 1,792) completed self-report motivational measures. Invariance testing demonstrated that the Inventory of School Motivation…
Descriptors: Indigenous Populations, Student Motivation, Mastery Learning, Foreign Countries