ERIC Number: EJ691115
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Students' School Motivation and Aspiration over High School Years
Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; McInerney, Dennis M.
Educational Psychology, v25 n5 p537-554 Oct 2005
Students from a school in Hong Kong (n = 199) responded to 22 items asking about their school motivation and aspirations in a survey. Structural equation models found four school motivation factors consistent with the task, effort, competition, and praise scales of the Inventory of School Motivation, one education aspiration factor, one career aspiration factor, and significant relations of the motivation factors with the aspiration factors. Task and effort orientations were found to be stronger than the other orientations and to have relatively stronger associations with education aspirations, whereas task and praise had stronger associations with career aspirations. In examining potential change in students' goal orientations and aspirations through high school years, analysis of variance found that 7th-graders had significantly higher scores in task and effort orientations and career aspirations than 9th-graders, and higher scores in praise orientation than 11th-graders. The apparent drop in motivation scores from Grade 7, especially in task and effort orientations, both pertaining to a mastery orientation dimension that has been assumed to be a major driving force for excellence, calls for urgent attention to student motivation in junior high school classes.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 7, Statistical Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Positive Reinforcement, Academic Aspiration, Student Motivation, High School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 11; Grade 7; High Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong