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Walsh, Mary E.; Madaus, George F.; Raczek, Anastasia E.; Dearing, Eric; Foley, Claire; An, Chen; Lee-St. John, Terrence J.; Beaton, Albert – American Educational Research Journal, 2014
Efforts to support children in schools require addressing not only academic issues, but also out-of-school factors that can affect students' ability to succeed. This study examined academic achievement of students participating in City Connects, a student support intervention operating in high-poverty elementary schools. The sample included 7,948…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Poverty, Elementary Schools, Program Effectiveness
Madaus, George F. – 2001
The term "technology" often conjures up visions of scientific experiments and industrial processes, but technology is also a tool, something put together to satisfy a need, solve a problem, or attain a goal in social, economic, and educational institutions. In a broader sense, technology is any body of special knowledge, skills, and procedures,…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Standardized Tests
Madaus, George F. – 2001
This paper provides a brief history of attempts to monitor testing in the United States. It describes proposals for monitoring from the first attempts in the 1920s to similar proposals in the 1990s. The discussion focuses on: (1) Giles Ruche's proposal for a consumer research bureau on tests; (2) Oscar K. Burros' reviews of tests and efforts to…
Descriptors: Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Standardized Tests, Supervision
Madaus, George F. – 1992
The equity of a national examination system using authentic assessments is discussed from technological and historical perspectives. Testing is, in fact, a technology embedded in sociotechnical systems such as education, government, and business. The historical perspective is important because it provides lessons for present policy. The first…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational History
Madaus, George F. – 1977
In the final stages of drafting the 1974 revision of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests, it became clear to the committee members that the various drafts of the revisions emphasized the assessment of individuals, rather than program evaluation. Because of its concern, the committee decided to finish the present draft and to…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Educational Programs, Educational Research, Educational Testing
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Madaus, George F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1982
Procedures are presented for state departments of education and the local educational agencies to share the responsibility of showing that a minimum competency test is a fair measure of what is taught. It is recommended that the state lead in technical assistance, provide models, and monitor and evaluate the entire process. (CM)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Minimum Competency Testing, Program Implementation, School Districts
Madaus, George F. – Phi Delta Kappan, 1981
Argues against using results of minimum competency testing (MCT) as the sole determinant of student classification, promotion, or condition for graduation from high school. Favors accountability, but asserts that MCT is not the best alternative available. (WD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Basic Skills, Educational Technology, Minimum Competency Testing
Madaus, George F. – Phi Delta Kappan, 1991
Understanding the effects of testing on students is critically important in the face of an inexorable movement toward a national testing program. Proponents thus far have stressed only the positive effects; neither the harmful effects on low-achieving students nor the program's costs and benefits have been appropriately discussed. This article…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, National Competency Tests, Standardized Tests
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Madaus, George F. – Harvard Educational Review, 1994
Historically, such testing programs as intelligence tests and Chapter I minimum competency testing have inadvertently perpetuated inequalities. An equitable national testing program must look beyond the mystique of testing technologies, clearly define purposes of assessment, recruit minorities into the testing field, and establish an independent…
Descriptors: Educational History, Equal Education, Intelligence Tests, Minority Groups
Madaus, George F. – Phi Delta Kappan, 1985
The increasing use of test results as a mechanism of educational reform is diminishing local control of schools and changing the curriculum to train students to pass tests rather than to educate students. (MLF)
Descriptors: Administrative Principles, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational Quality
Madaus, George F. – Urban Educ, 1969
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Advantaged, Disadvantaged Youth, Family Characteristics
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Madaus, George F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The need for an independent mechanism that regulates, or audits, the testing enterprise is discussed along with a critique of current mechanisms for challenging a high-stakes test or its use and the need for independent auditing of the commercial test industry. Models for an auditing mechanism are reviewed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education
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Madaus, George F. – Peabody Journal of Education, 1988
A "high-stakes" test can directly and powerfully influence how teachers teach and students learn. Six principles that describe the negative consequences of measurement-driven instruction are discussed, and the effect of these consequences on student and teacher behavior, as well as the test itself, is outlined. (IAH)
Descriptors: Accountability, Curriculum Development, Educational Environment, Educational Testing
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Madaus, George F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1986
This reply to William A. Mehrens argues that test validity is the central issue in discussing the appropriate role of tests. It states that the procedures used to establish the validity of tests are inadequate because they depend primarily on content validity and not on construct and criterion validity. (JAZ)
Descriptors: Concurrent Validity, Construct Validity, Cutting Scores, Decision Making
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Madaus, George F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1985
Since the 1970s, policymakers have learned that test results can be used as an administrative mechanism to implement policy. A national system of external certification tests would involve several problems: (1) absence of independent examination boards; (2) negative impact on teaching; (3) tendency to elitism; (4) competition for RFP's; and (5)…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Certification, Educational Assessment, Educational Change
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