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Kruger, Meta L. – International Journal of Leadership in Education, 2008
The biological basis for differences between the sexes has become increasingly clear in recent years. The nature-nurture debate has made way for the view that the individual is a product of the interaction between genes and environment. For the world of school leadership this means that instead of arguing about them, we should acknowledge the…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Principals, Gender Differences, Socialization
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Geijsel, Femke P.; Kruger, Meta L.; Sleegers, Peter J. C. – Australian Educational Researcher, 2010
The aim of this study is to better understand the role of researchers and school leaders in supporting school improvement through data feedback in the context of more responsive forms of accountability in the Netherlands. A process evaluation was conducted concerning the first three years of a collaborative project of a multi-management group of…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Formative Evaluation, Educational Improvement, Foreign Countries
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Kruger, Meta L.; Witziers, Bob; Sleegers, Peter – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2007
This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the antecedents and effects of educational leadership, and of the influence of the principal's leadership on intervening and outcome variables. A path analysis was conducted to test and validate a causal model. The results show no direct or indirect effects of educational leadership on…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Instructional Leadership, School Culture, School Effectiveness
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Geijsel, Femke P.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.; Stoel, Reinoud D.; Kruger, Meta L. – Elementary School Journal, 2009
In this study we examined the relative importance of teachers' psychological states, school organizational conditions (teacher collaboration and participative decision making), and the leadership practices (vision, individual consideration, and intellectual stimulation) of principals at their schools in explaining variation in teachers'…
Descriptors: Stimulation, Learning Activities, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy
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Kruger, Meta L. – European Journal of Education, 1996
Using recent data on gender differences in the characteristics and interests of school principals in the Netherlands, it is suggested that the underrepresentation of women in educational administration reflects women's greater orientation toward internal, teaching-related processes and men's greater interest in issues of power. The relationship…
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Role, Career Choice
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Witziers, Bob; Bosker, Roel J.; Kruger, Meta L. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2003
Uses quantitative meta-analysis to examine studies on the direct and indirect effects of principal's leadership on student achievement. (Contains 48 references and 4 tables)(PKP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership
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Kruger, Meta L.; Eck, Edith Van; Vermeulen, Ard – School Leadership & Management, 2001
Examines job mobility involving involuntary and premature departure of elementary and secondary school principals in the Netherlands. Provides theoretical foundation for study and Dutch context for the principalship. Finds that premature departure accounts for more than one-quarter of principals' job mobility and is higher for females than for…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Occupational Mobility, Principals