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Showing 1 to 15 of 71 results Save | Export
Johnson, Martin – Research Matters, 2022
The concept of educational recovery is relevant to many systems, both those that experience some form of sudden disruption as well as those that historically have been prone to disruption. Our involvement in developing a curriculum framework for displaced learners in the Learning Passport project (UNICEF, 2020) made us more aware of the field of…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Educational Change, Program Effectiveness
Kreijkes, Pia; Johnson, Martin – Research Matters, 2023
In this paper we explore the concept of the middle tier in education systems, outlining how it is a crucial element that links high-level education policy to the practices that are carried out in schools. Reflecting on the similarities and differences in the profiles of the middle tiers of the four nations of the United Kingdom (UK), we observe…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Institutional Autonomy, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
Johnson, Martin; Majewska, Dominika – Cambridge University Press & Assessment, 2022
This review uses research literature to outline the characteristics, benefits and disadvantages of formal, non-formal, and informal learning. There appears to be a consensus around the meanings of formal and informal learning. Formal learning broadly aligns with organised, institutionalised learning models (such as learning seen in schools),…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Informal Education, Models, Educational Cooperation
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Johnson, Martin; Coleman, Victoria – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2021
In this paper we outline the use of a concept mapping narrative method to elicit the complex and interconnected conceptualisations of specialized knowledge (assessment literacy) for a specific cohort of participants (teacher-examiners). In particular, we are interested in exploring how relational concept mapping and narrative interviews can be…
Descriptors: Concept Mapping, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
Johnson, Martin; Coleman, Tori – Cambridge University Press & Assessment, 2021
Since March 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic has continued to have a considerable impact on education policy and practice across the United Kingdom (UK). The onset of the pandemic has also been characterised by its uncertainty, with education practitioners having little in the way of prior experience to call upon in order to predict future developments…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
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Johnson, Martin; Fitzsimons, Sinéad; Coleman, Victoria – Prospects, 2023
There is a pressing need to develop processes to facilitate the organization of education responses in time-pressured emergency situations. As part of a joint Learning Passport (LP) partnership project with UNICEF, researchers along with curriculum and subject specialists at the University of Cambridge, UK, developed a curriculum framework that…
Descriptors: Emergency Programs, Partnerships in Education, International Organizations, Curriculum Development
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Fitzsimons, Sinéad; Johnson, Martin – International Dialogues on Education: Past and Present, 2020
In this paper we explore collaboration in the context of the educational services industry (ESI). We look to literature from the communication field to consider ethical strategies and methods for ensuring the validity of the outcomes of collaborative working. Drawing on Collaborative Product Development and conversation theory we devise four…
Descriptors: Ethics, Partnerships in Education, Educational Cooperation, Case Studies
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Johnson, Martin – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2017
This paper uses the remote interactions of professional examiners working for a UK-based awarding body as a vehicle for discussing the benefits of the use of different methods for analysing such discourse. Communication is an area of interest for sociocultural theory because it can potentiate cognitive shifts in participants and affords learning.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Discourse Analysis, Examiners, Experimenter Characteristics
Gallacher, Tom; Johnson, Martin – Research Matters, 2019
'Learning Progressions' are a relatively recent approach that describe the progression that can be expected of learners through their education. A Learning Progressions framework can also be used to support teaching and learning, assessment, and curriculum design. To benefit teaching and learning, a Learning Progressions approach aims to provide…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Teaching Methods, Educational Assessment, Curriculum Design
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Johnson, Martin; Shaw, Stuart – Journal of Further and Higher Education, 2019
With the introduction of a new initiative in a teaching and learning environment there is an ethical responsibility to consider whether the impact of the introduction has met its intended goals, and whether it has harmed those who are influenced by it. Technology and infrastructure developments have encouraged a continued growth in the development…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Testing Problems, Evaluation Research, High Stakes Tests
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Johnson, Martin; Rushton, Nicky – Educational Research, 2019
Background: The development of a set of questions is a central element of examination development, with the validity of an examination resting to a large extent on the quality of the questions that it comprises. This paper reports on the methods and findings of a project that explores how educational examination question writers engage in the…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Test Construction, Specialists, Protocol Analysis
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Johnson, Martin – Review of Education, 2016
Assessment organisations that operate at a national level in the UK employ hierarchic assessor monitoring arrangements, where the most senior assessors (known as team leaders) feedback to assessors in their teams on their marking performance. According to a sociocultural viewpoint, this feedback possesses learning potential as it allows assessors…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Instructional Effectiveness, Professional Development, Foreign Countries
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Crisp, Victoria; Johnson, Martin; Constantinou, Filio – Research in Education, 2019
In educational contexts, questioning performs a number of functions. These include facilitating learning in the classroom and the recognition of achievement through examinations and other assessments. Good quality questions are important to ensuring that these functions are achieved. This research focused on educational exams and used views from…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Educational Quality, Test Validity
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Johnson, Martin – E-Learning and Digital Media, 2014
This project uses the community of practice metaphor to explore some of the discursive characteristics of learning that take place when a group of United Kingdom-based professional examiners engage in joint-work activity in both face-to-face and remote computer-mediated communication contexts. Professional examiners are all subject experts, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Communities of Practice, Examiners, Expertise
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Constantinou, Filio; Crisp, Victoria; Johnson, Martin – Cambridge Journal of Education, 2018
Tests, especially high-stakes ones, occupy a prominent role in education and impact on students' personal and professional trajectory. Therefore, it is crucial that they are well understood. Enhancing understanding of the workings of tests requires a multidisciplinary approach, one that treats tests not only as assessment instruments, but also as…
Descriptors: Test Construction, High Stakes Tests, Social Influences, Theories
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