ERIC Number: EJ1150713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Investigating the Relationships between Approaches to Learning, Learner Identities and Academic Achievement in Higher Education
Herrmann, K. J.; Bager-Elsborg, A.; McCune, V.
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, v74 n3 p385-400 Sep 2017
This paper considers relationships between approaches to learning, learner identities, self-efficacy beliefs and academic achievement in higher education. In addition to already established survey instruments, a new scale, "subject area affinity," was developed. The scale explores the extent to which students identify with their area of study and imagine being part of it in future. The new scale showed strong psychometric properties when it was tested on a sample of 4377 students at a research-intensive university. The new scale correlated positively with both the deep approach and self-efficacy scales. The new scale also correlated negatively with the surface approach scale. K-means cluster analysis identified seven distinct groups of students who espoused interpretable combinations of approaches, self-efficacy and subject area affinity. Cluster membership was associated with differences in academic achievement. Implications are discussed.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Self Efficacy, Self Concept, Student Surveys, Student Attitudes, College Students, Research Universities, Multivariate Analysis, Measures (Individuals), Psychometrics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A