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Showing 1 to 15 of 49 results Save | Export
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Tsai, Shu-Ling; Smith, Michael L.; Hauser, Robert M. – Sociology of Education, 2017
This article examines inequality in different dimensions of student academic achievement (math, science, and reading) by family background and school context in three East Asian (Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea) and three Western (United States, Germany, and the Czech Republic) nations. Building on Hauser (2009), we develop a novel…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
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Hauser, Robert M. – Educational Researcher, 2010
Research on variation in cognitive abilities has focused largely on their genetic or experiential sources and on their economic consequences. This article takes a broader look at the consequences of cognitive ability--IQ--across the life course. Contrary to received wisdom, the effects of IQ on economic success are almost entirely mediated by…
Descriptors: Job Performance, Educational Attainment, Drinking, Intelligence Quotient
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Andrew, Megan; Hauser, Robert M. – Social Forces, 2011
Sociologists have long used educational expectations to understand the complex mental processes underlying individuals' educational decision making. Yet, little research evaluates how students actually formulate their educational expectations. Status attainment theory asserts that students adopt their educational expectations early based on family…
Descriptors: Learning Theories, Grade Point Average, Family Characteristics, Academic Achievement
Hauser, Robert M., Ed.; Koenig, Judith Anderson, Ed. – National Academies Press, 2011
High school graduation and dropout rates have long been used as indicators of educational system productivity and effectiveness and of social and economic well being. While determining these rates may seem like a straightforward task, their calculation is in fact quite complicated. How does one count a student who leaves a regular high school but…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Well Being, Graduation Rate, High Schools
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Grol-Prokopczyk, Hanna; Freese, Jeremy; Hauser, Robert M. – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2011
This article addresses a potentially serious problem with the widely used self-rated health (SRH) survey item: that different groups have systematically different ways of using the item's response categories. Analyses based on unadjusted SRH may thus yield misleading results. The authors evaluate anchoring vignettes as a possible solution to this…
Descriptors: Vignettes, Differences, Health, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
Hauser, Robert M. – 2000
This paper reviews the extent and consequences of grade retention in elementary and secondary school. The first part of the paper reviews recent proposals for test-based grade promotion and retention. These are based on politically attractive, but scientifically unsupported claims about the benefits of retention, and minority students are more…
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Age Grade Placement, Educational Policy, Educational Trends
Hauser, Robert M. – 1983
It is a truism of research on social stratification that the effects of socioeconomic or family background on educational attainment lead to biases in the simple regression of occupational status (or other putative outcomes of schooling) on educational attainment. Using a structural equation model of sibling resemblance in educational attainment…
Descriptors: Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Family Characteristics, Postsecondary Education
Hauser, Robert M. – Amer J Sociol, 1970
A study of the consequences of variation in the sex ratio of high-school populations in relation to educational aspirations is discussed. (DB)
Descriptors: Educational Attitudes, Females, Group Structure, High School Students
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Hauser, Robert M. – Child Development, 1994
Comments on the ideas presented by Entwisle and Astone in this issue. Suggests that to produce sound measurements of children's socioeconomic background requires a substantial investment in coding, data collection, and management. Nevertheless, a standard set of racial-ethnic and socioeconomic variables, no matter how well measured, cannot serve…
Descriptors: Biographical Inventories, Child Development, Data Analysis, Data Collection
Hauser, Robert M. – Amer J Sociol, 1969
This is a revised version of a paper read at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (63d, August 1968).
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Aspiration, Critical Path Method, Grades (Scholastic)
Hauser, Robert M. – 1992
Using a new time series of cross-sections from October Current Population Surveys, a fresh look is taken at trends in college entry over the 1972-1988 period for White, Black, and Hispanic American men and women, asking to what degree group differences and social and economic background have affected these trends. From 1972 to 1988, Blacks and…
Descriptors: Black Students, Census Figures, College Admission, Educational Trends
Hauser, Robert M. – 1980
A multiplicative (loglinear) model for square tables or other cross-classifications is helpful in locating cells where counts are relatively dense or sparse. This model helps to eliminate the confounding prevalence and interaction effects. It yields a parsimonious set of parameters which describe the table, and goodness of fit can be assessed with…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Relationship, Models, Statistical Analysis
Hauser, Robert M. – 1987
National surveys of the post-high school plans and aspirations of black and white high school seniors have been conducted for the past decade. Chances of college entry among blacks from 1977 through the mid-1980s have declined in contrast to the increasing college entry chances of whites. This paper analyses the plans of black and white seniors…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Black Attitudes, Black Students, Declining Enrollment
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Hauser, Robert M.; And Others – Public Interest, 1990
Two articles debate a recent research report on the status of Blacks in American society that concludes that differences in socioeconomic attainment between Blacks and Whites are the result of racial discrimination. The authors defend their report, although a critic asserts that such differences are the result of individual differences that place…
Descriptors: Blacks, Debate, Individual Characteristics, Racial Differences
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Hauser, Robert M.; And Others – Sociology of Education, 1983
An analysis of the Wisconsin model of achievement asks how powerful this model is in accounting for social influences, aspirations, and attainment when measurement error is taken into account. Revised estimates show support for the Wisconsin model. A revised model is even more powerful for explaining educational and occupational achievement.…
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration
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