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Wolfe, Michael B.; Griffin, Thomas D. – Grantee Submission, 2017
In this chapter, we address several questions. How do the prior beliefs of students influence the way in which they process this information? Will students comprehend information with more or less success if it matches or does not match their prior beliefs? Under what circumstances might students change their beliefs? Do students change beliefs to…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Student Attitudes, Attitude Change, Comprehension
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Griffin, Thomas D.; Wiley, Jennifer; Thiede, Keith W. – Grantee Submission, 2019
A set of four experiments assessed the effects of establishing a comprehension-test expectancy (in contrast to a memory-test expectancy) on relative metacomprehension accuracy. Typically readers show poor relative metacomprehension accuracy while learning from text (i.e., they are unable to discriminate topics they have understood well from topics…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Metacognition, Tests, Expectation
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Griffin, Thomas D.; Wiley, Jennifer; Thiede, Keith W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
A set of four experiments assessed the effects of establishing a comprehension-test expectancy (in contrast to a memory-test expectancy) on relative metacomprehension accuracy. Typically readers show poor relative metacomprehension accuracy while learning from text (i.e., they are unable to discriminate topics they have understood well from topics…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Metacognition, Tests, Expectation
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Wiley, Jennifer; Jaeger, Allison J.; Griffin, Thomas D. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Starting with early research on multiple source comprehension that primarily emerged from work in history, researchers have explored several types of instructional manipulations including altering the features of the inquiry task that is given (such as being asked to write a narrative or an argument); changing features of the task environment…
Descriptors: Information Sources, Task Analysis, History Instruction, Science Instruction
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Blaum, Dylan; Griffin, Thomas D.; Wiley, Jennifer; Britt, M. Anne – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2017
We examined students' understanding of the causes of a scientific phenomenon from a multiple-document-inquiry unit. Students read several documents that each described causal factors that could be integrated to address the given writing task of explaining the causes of change in average global temperature. We manipulated whether the document set…
Descriptors: Climate, Public Policy, Causal Models, Essays
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Wiley, Jennifer; Sarmento, David; Griffin, Thomas D.; Hinze, Scott R. – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2017
Graphics presented alongside expository science texts can have a number of positive effects for instruction, including facilitating engagement, arousing interest, and improving understanding. However, because students harbor expectations about which contexts are likely to support better understanding, the mere presence of graphics also has the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Biology, Expectation, Science Instruction
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Wiley, Jennifer; Jaeger, Allison J.; Taylor, Andrew R.; Griffin, Thomas D. – Grantee Submission, 2018
The main goal of the present research was to test whether the presence of analogies would affect the relative accuracy of metacognitive judgments about learning from expository science texts, and whether any effect would depend on the type of cues that readers used as the basis for their judgments of comprehension. In a series of experiments,…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Accuracy
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Thiede, Keith W.; Redford, Joshua S.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Self-regulated learning requires accurate monitoring and effective regulation of study. Little is known about how effectively younger readers regulate their study. Aims: We examined how decisions about which text to restudy affect overall comprehension for seventh-grade students. In addition to a "Participant's Choice"…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Study Habits, Comprehension
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Wiley, Jennifer; Hastings, Peter; Blaum, Dylan; Jaeger, Allison J.; Hughes, Simon; Wallace, Patricia; Griffin, Thomas D.; Britt, M. Anne – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2017
This article describes several approaches to assessing student understanding using written explanations that students generate as part of a multiple-document inquiry activity on a scientific topic (global warming). The current work attempts to capture the causal structure of student explanations as a way to detect the quality of the students'…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Climate, Ecology, Concept Formation
Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D; Jaeger, Allison J; Jarosz, Andrew F; Cushen, Patrick J; Thiede, Keith W – Grantee Submission, 2016
Students tend to have poor metacomprehension when learning from text, meaning they are not able to distinguish between what they have understood well and what they have not. Although there are a good number of studies that have explored comprehension monitoring accuracy in laboratory experiments, fewer studies have explored this in authentic…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Metacognition, Comprehension, Accuracy
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Thiede, Keith W.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
Background: Theory suggests that the accuracy of metacognitive monitoring is affected by the cues used to judge learning. Researchers have improved monitoring accuracy by directing attention to more appropriate cues; however, this is the first study to more directly point students to more appropriate cues using instructions regarding tests and…
Descriptors: Cues, Student Attitudes, Metacognition, Memory
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Redford, Joshua S.; Thiede, Keith W.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – Learning and Instruction, 2012
Two experiments explored concept map construction as a useful intervention to improve metacomprehension accuracy among 7th grade students. In the first experiment, metacomprehension was marginally better for a concept mapping group than for a rereading group. In the second experiment, metacomprehension accuracy was significantly greater for a…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Concept Mapping, Grade 7, Metacognition
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Thiede, Keith W.; Redford, Joshua S.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
We explored whether exposure to different kinds of comprehension tests during elementary years influenced metacomprehension accuracy among 7th and 8th graders. This research was conducted in a kindergarten through 8th grade charter school with an expeditionary learning curriculum. In literacy instruction, teachers emphasize reading for meaning and…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Literacy, Reading Comprehension, Educational Experience
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Griffin, Thomas D.; Wiley, Jennifer; Britt, M. Anne; Salas, Carlos R. – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2012
The main goal for the current study was to investigate whether individual differences in domain-general thinking dispositions might affect learning from multiple-document inquiry tasks in science. Middle school students were given a set of documents and were tasked with understanding how and why recent patterns in global temperature might be…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Science Process Skills
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Thiede, Keith W.; Griffin, Thomas D.; Wiley, Jennifer; Anderson, Mary C. M. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2010
Two studies attempt to determine the causes of poor metacomprehension accuracy and then, in turn, to identify interventions that circumvent these difficulties to support effective comprehension monitoring performance. The first study explored the cues that both at-risk and typical college readers use as a basis for their metacomprehension…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Cues, College Students, At Risk Students
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