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Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1982
Differential association-learning theory posits that association with delinquent peers causes delinquency; control theory suggests that the link between delinquent peers and delinquent behavior is spurious, or that delinquent behavior leads to delinquent associates. To examine these competing perspectives, 1,128 secondary school males completed…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attachment Behavior, Behavior Theories, Delinquency
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1988
The most important theoretical perspectives on adolescent drug use are probably those of Akers which use ideas from differential association theory and a variant of social learning theory; Oetting and Beauvais' peer group perspective; and the family perspective of Patterson and Dishion. This research involved an examination of stages of initiation…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Theories, Drug Abuse, Secondary Education
Gottfredson, Gary D., Ed. – 1982
This report focuses on the School Action Effectiveness Study (SAES), the national evaluation of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Alternative Education Program. It presents the history, start-up activities, successes, and problems encountered during the first year of the 17 action projects. In the first section, the…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Delinquency Prevention, Demonstration Programs, Educational Objectives
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1978
Recent research in the human ecological tradition has made increasing use of causal modeling in the search for understanding of aggregate-level social processes. This approach has great appeal because it helps make hypotheses explicit, provides a convenient way to structure the application of statistical controls, allows the representation of…
Descriptors: Crime, Critical Path Method, High Schools, Research Methodology
Gottfredson, Gary D. – American School Board Journal, 1983
Based on research concerning school crime conducted at 600 public secondary schools, boards of education are advised to consider changes in school organization that would result in smaller schools; make school rules that are clear, firmly enforced, and equitably administered; and speak out against community conditions that perpetuate social…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Board of Education Policy, Community Characteristics, Crime Prevention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; And Others – 1983
This report, the second part of a longer study prepared by the Delinquency and School Environments Program, further describes interim results of the program's national evaluation of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Alternative Education Program. The report consists of evaluations of 14 specific projects: (1)…
Descriptors: Art Activities, Delinquency Prevention, Delivery Systems, Dropout Prevention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Daiger, Denise C. – 1979
Rates of teacher and student victimization are examined in a sample of over 600 public junior and senior high schools using questionnaire data from teachers, students, and principals, and 1970 census data about the communities within which the schools are located. Factor analysis was used to guide the development of scales measuring community and…
Descriptors: Community Characteristics, Crime, Institutional Characteristics, Poverty
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Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D. – Journal of Vocational Behavior, 1975
The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a one-year interval (N-624). (Author)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Career Guidance, Occupational Aspiration, Postsecondary Education