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Gottfredson, Gary D. – 2000
This paper reports on the National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools, the first national study of problem behavior containing information from multiple sources -- principals, teachers, and students. Nationwide, 7% of schools or an estimated 6,451 schools reported to law enforcement personnel at least one incident of physical attack or…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Crime, Delinquency Prevention, Elementary Secondary Education
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 2000
This paper reviews research stimulated by Holland's (1997) theory of vocational personalities and work environments. It describes new research extending an examination of one part of the theory, environmental identity, to a large sample of school environments. The Organizational Focus Scale (G.D. Gottfredson and Holland, 1996b) was administrated…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Attitude Measures, Behavior Rating Scales, Educational Environment
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1981
This report, prepared by the Studies in Delinquency and School Environments program, presents a theory of delinquency and proposes an action research strategy to develop delinquency prevention programs in schools. The materials build on the theories of Hirschi and Bandura, and assume that: (1) home and school experiences can be rewarding or…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Educational Environment
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1988
This paper describes what is known about delinquent behavior and the risk factors associated with engaging in delinquent behavior. Discussion focuses particularly on: (1) delinquent behavior and adolescent problem behavior; (2) high risk persons; (3) the role of learning in restraint against delinquency; (4) loci of intervention, including…
Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Delinquency, Educational Improvement
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1988
This study examined one urbanized Southeastern county school district's experience in attempting to implement an educational reform program that called, among other things, for higher standards. By focusing on standardized norm-based and criterion-referenced educational tests administered to students according to grade level, this school system…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Practices
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1989
J. M. Richards (1989) has demonstrated that when individuals' reports about environments are aggregated to create environmental measures, the use of coefficient alpha to estimate single occasion reliability can be misleadingly elevated and that alpha cannot distinguish an environmental measure from a "disguised measure of individual…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Differences
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1986
The Effective School Battery (ESB) is a diagnostic tool used for assessing school climate and providing a sound basis for planning and evaluating school improvement programs. This paper provides a brief look at the development of the ESB and describes its basic features. The ESB serves for diagnosing problems, opening up communication, evaluating…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Educational Planning
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1984
This paper describes the presentations made at a symposium of behavioral scientists conducting research on school disorder and delinquency prevention. The application of a climate assessment battery in organizational development and the evaluation of disciplinary programs in schools is described. The "Effective Schools Battery" (ESB)…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Delinquency Prevention, Discipline, Discipline Policy
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Hybl, Lois G. – 1989
Biographical data about verifiable accomplishments, collected in a structured questionnaire format, could contribute to the selection of school principals or early identification of persons to be developed for eventual succession into the principalship. Three criterion groups, selected to represent increasing levels of average performance,…
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Evaluation, Administrator Selection, Elementary Secondary Education
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Hybl, Lois G. – 1987
This report presents a description of the jobs of principals in a national sample of schools, summarizing the main results of a job analysis accomplished by using a structured task analysis inventory. It summarizes what principals in schools of different kinds report to be the most important aspects of their jobs. Results imply that principals are…
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Administrator Responsibility, Administrator Role, Board Administrator Relationship
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1988
This paper provides school district administrators with a structured method for developing school programs aimed at reducing the risk of adolescent dropout. The methodology encompasses problem definition, fact finding, mission management, overcoming inertia, cohering programs tied to theory, feasible goal-setting, and normative personnel…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Dropout Prevention, Educational Change, Educational Objectives
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1997
The Survey of School-Based Gang Prevention and Intervention Programs is a study of approaches used by schools to reduce or prevent gang involvement among schools. Principals in a probability sample of 1,287 schools were asked what they were doing in their schools to prevent problem behavior or to promote a safe and orderly school environment.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1989
Correlates of the teacher scales from the Effective School Battery (ESB) were examined in the Charleston County School District (CCSD) in South Carolina. Focus was on determining the relations between the ESB teacher scales and student academic achievement, progress through the grades, attendance, and dropout. This study was conducted as part of a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attendance, Dropouts, Educational Environment
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Stewart, Martha W. – 1989
The internal structure and correlates of the South Carolina State Department of Education's Needs Assessment Instruments (NAIs) for teachers, parents, and students were examined for 61, 61, and 36 schools, respectively. The NAIs are questionnaires that assess six indicators of school effectiveness: (1) instructional leadership of the principal;…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1990
The application of rational methods to improve student outcomes in a school district is described. Issues in school reform development are addressed, followed by a description of a restructuring program implemented in the Charleston County (South Carolina) School District to reduce grade retention and the dropout rate. The program was evaluated by…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Dropouts, Educational Development
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