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Gottfredson, Gary D. – 2000
This paper reviews research stimulated by Holland's (1997) theory of vocational personalities and work environments. It describes new research extending an examination of one part of the theory, environmental identity, to a large sample of school environments. The Organizational Focus Scale (G.D. Gottfredson and Holland, 1996b) was administrated…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Attitude Measures, Behavior Rating Scales, Educational Environment
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Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Payne, Allison Ann; Gottfredson, Nisha C. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disorder result from within-school rather than…
Descriptors: Institutional Characteristics, Violence, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1981
This report, prepared by the Studies in Delinquency and School Environments program, presents a theory of delinquency and proposes an action research strategy to develop delinquency prevention programs in schools. The materials build on the theories of Hirschi and Bandura, and assume that: (1) home and school experiences can be rewarding or…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Educational Environment
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1989
J. M. Richards (1989) has demonstrated that when individuals' reports about environments are aggregated to create environmental measures, the use of coefficient alpha to estimate single occasion reliability can be misleadingly elevated and that alpha cannot distinguish an environmental measure from a "disguised measure of individual…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Individual Differences
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1986
The Effective School Battery (ESB) is a diagnostic tool used for assessing school climate and providing a sound basis for planning and evaluating school improvement programs. This paper provides a brief look at the development of the ESB and describes its basic features. The ESB serves for diagnosing problems, opening up communication, evaluating…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Educational Planning
Gottfredson, Gary D. – 1984
This paper describes the presentations made at a symposium of behavioral scientists conducting research on school disorder and delinquency prevention. The application of a climate assessment battery in organizational development and the evaluation of disciplinary programs in schools is described. The "Effective Schools Battery" (ESB)…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Delinquency Prevention, Discipline, Discipline Policy
Gottfredson, Gary D.; And Others – 1983
This report, the second part of a longer study prepared by the Delinquency and School Environments Program, further describes interim results of the program's national evaluation of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Alternative Education Program. The report consists of evaluations of 14 specific projects: (1)…
Descriptors: Art Activities, Delinquency Prevention, Delivery Systems, Dropout Prevention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Czeh, Ellen R.; Cantor, David; Crosse, Scott B.; Hantman, Irene – 2000
This project was undertaken to develop a comprehensive account of the levels of problem behaviors in schools. It also looked at what schools do to prevent problem behaviors and how they promote a safe and orderly environment. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the study and explains some school-based interventions such as social competency…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Educational Environment, High Risk Students
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1997
The Survey of School-Based Gang Prevention and Intervention Programs is a study of approaches used by schools to reduce or prevent gang involvement among schools. Principals in a probability sample of 1,287 schools were asked what they were doing in their schools to prevent problem behavior or to promote a safe and orderly school environment.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1989
Correlates of the teacher scales from the Effective School Battery (ESB) were examined in the Charleston County School District (CCSD) in South Carolina. Focus was on determining the relations between the ESB teacher scales and student academic achievement, progress through the grades, attendance, and dropout. This study was conducted as part of a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attendance, Dropouts, Educational Environment
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Stewart, Martha W. – 1989
The internal structure and correlates of the South Carolina State Department of Education's Needs Assessment Instruments (NAIs) for teachers, parents, and students were examined for 61, 61, and 36 schools, respectively. The NAIs are questionnaires that assess six indicators of school effectiveness: (1) instructional leadership of the principal;…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1987
This paper presents and illustrates some principles for organizational development approaches to improving school climate. It discusses a specific structure for facilitating school improvement entitled Program Development Evaluation, and it illustrates the use of school climate assessments for school diagnosis and the evaluation of improvement…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention