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Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Payne, Allison Ann; Gottfredson, Nisha C. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 2005
Hypotheses about the association of school organizational characteristics with school crime and disorder were tested in a nationally representative sample of 254 secondary schools. Relatively small intra-class correlations suggest that most of the variance in the individual measures of school disorder result from within-school rather than…
Descriptors: Institutional Characteristics, Violence, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
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Gottfredson, Gary D. – Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 1996
Examines the original Hawthorne relay-assembly research. Asserts the "Hawthorne misunderstanding" is common in criminology and criminal justice because authors have failed to properly attribute the explanation of increased work output to the Hawthorne effect. Describes the Hawthorne effect, how it is produced, and ways to achieve the…
Descriptors: Action Research, Adults, Crime, Criminology