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Rorie, Melissa; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda; Wilson, Denise; Connell, Nadine M. – Journal of Adolescence, 2011
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of after-school programs (ASPs) for reducing problem behaviors is mixed. Unstructured ASPs may increase antisocial behavior by increasing "deviancy training" opportunities, when peers reinforce deviant attitudes and behaviors. This research analyses approximately 3000 five-minute intervals from 398 observations…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Middle School Students, Intervals, Violence
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Skroban, Stacy B.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Gottfredson, Gary D. – Evaluation Review, 1999
Implemented a comprehensive, school-based instructional and social-competency-promotion program to prevent problem behavior in a middle school. Evaluation of the five-year program showed that it was ineffective, with no dependable results on youth behavior. Discusses implications of these findings. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Instructional Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Middle School Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Gottfredson, Denise C.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1993
A 3-year study in 8 middle schools tested a program to improve adolescent conduct. The program attempted to improve clarity and enforcement of rules, classroom organization, school-home communication, and increase reinforcement of positive behavior. Where it was well-implemented, student conduct improved significantly. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Attitude Change, Behavior Change
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Gottfredson, Denise C.; Fink, Carolyn M.; Graham, Nanette – American Educational Research Journal, 1994
Explores the causal nature of the association between grade repetition and later adolescent problem behaviors for 197 retained and 204 promoted African-American sixth and seventh graders in two urban middle schools. Regression analyses imply that retention reduced rebellious behavior in school and increased attachment to school. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attachment Behavior, Behavior Problems, Black Students