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Rorie, Melissa; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda; Wilson, Denise; Connell, Nadine M. – Journal of Adolescence, 2011
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of after-school programs (ASPs) for reducing problem behaviors is mixed. Unstructured ASPs may increase antisocial behavior by increasing "deviancy training" opportunities, when peers reinforce deviant attitudes and behaviors. This research analyses approximately 3000 five-minute intervals from 398 observations…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Middle School Students, Intervals, Violence
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Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Adolescents, Leisure Time, Behavior Problems
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 2001
This book links theory and empirical evidence to derive implications for designing school-based delinquency prevention programs. It examines how school environment and behavior interact, discusses the multiple levels of influence in and around schools that combine with student characteristics to lead to delinquency, and addresses the malleability…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Educational Environment
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Skroban, Stacy B.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Gottfredson, Gary D. – Evaluation Review, 1999
Implemented a comprehensive, school-based instructional and social-competency-promotion program to prevent problem behavior in a middle school. Evaluation of the five-year program showed that it was ineffective, with no dependable results on youth behavior. Discusses implications of these findings. (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Instructional Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Middle School Students
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Czeh, Ellen R.; Cantor, David; Crosse, Scott B.; Hantman, Irene – 2000
This project was undertaken to develop a comprehensive account of the levels of problem behaviors in schools. It also looked at what schools do to prevent problem behaviors and how they promote a safe and orderly environment. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the study and explains some school-based interventions such as social competency…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Educational Environment, High Risk Students
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1997
The Survey of School-Based Gang Prevention and Intervention Programs is a study of approaches used by schools to reduce or prevent gang involvement among schools. Principals in a probability sample of 1,287 schools were asked what they were doing in their schools to prevent problem behavior or to promote a safe and orderly school environment.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Intervention
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Fink, Carolyn M.; Graham, Nanette – American Educational Research Journal, 1994
Explores the causal nature of the association between grade repetition and later adolescent problem behaviors for 197 retained and 204 promoted African-American sixth and seventh graders in two urban middle schools. Regression analyses imply that retention reduced rebellious behavior in school and increased attachment to school. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attachment Behavior, Behavior Problems, Black Students