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Wilson, Denise M.; Gottfredson, Denise C.; Cross, Amanda B.; Rorie, Melissa; Connell, Nadine – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
Leisure activities that occur outside of the school hours may facilitate positive youth development.The experiences of youth in three categories of activities (basketball and football, other sports, and nonsports) are examined in this study. Based on prior research, it is hypothesized that students participating in basketball and football will…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Adolescents, Leisure Time, Behavior Problems
Gottfredson, Denise C. – 1984
During the last decade there has been a heightened interest in teenage work experience as a partial solution to the problem of an increasingly visible delinquent youth culture. To examine the effect of teenage employment on drug use and other more serious delinquent behavior, students in grades 6-12, from a randomly selected national population,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attendance, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
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Gottfredson, Denise C. – Developmental Psychology, 1985
Data from a national study of delinquency prevention programs were used to examine the effect of teenage employment on delinquent behavior in preadolescents and adolescents. Models examined suggest working decreases school attendance and dependence on parents for some subgroups, but these effects are not translated into increases in delinquency.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; And Others – American Educational Research Journal, 1993
A 3-year study in 8 middle schools tested a program to improve adolescent conduct. The program attempted to improve clarity and enforcement of rules, classroom organization, school-home communication, and increase reinforcement of positive behavior. Where it was well-implemented, student conduct improved significantly. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescent Behavior, Adolescents, Attitude Change, Behavior Change
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Koper, Christopher S. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1996
Adolescent substance abuse efforts often direct prevention at known correlates of substance use. Discusses prevention efforts targeted toward minority populations. Assesses group differences using data from 981 Black and White adolescents and latent variable structural equations techniques. Concludes risk factor measures predict substance use for…
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Blacks, Drug Abuse
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Gottfredson, Denise C.; Fink, Carolyn M.; Graham, Nanette – American Educational Research Journal, 1994
Explores the causal nature of the association between grade repetition and later adolescent problem behaviors for 197 retained and 204 promoted African-American sixth and seventh graders in two urban middle schools. Regression analyses imply that retention reduced rebellious behavior in school and increased attachment to school. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attachment Behavior, Behavior Problems, Black Students